Stories & more

 

Study reveals pulses as important source of protein in India

This is the result of a recent study on the “Role of Pulses in Enhancing Nutritional Status of Rural Poor: Micro-Level Evidence from Semi-Arid Tropics of India - by R Padmaja, P Soumitra and MCS Bantilan . It is based on primary data from the ICRISAT Village Level Studies (VLS) nutrition surveys conducted in 8 villages in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra states together with longitudinal panel micro-level data for 6 villages in Telangana and Maharashtra from 2009 to 2014.

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/study-reveals-pulses-as-important-source-of-protein-in-india

Date: 18/Jan/2017

 
 

Developing Climate-Smart village models through integrated participatory action research

Climate-smart villages are evolving in five West African countries from Senegal to Niger thanks to integrated participatory action research aimed at protecting food security. Climate change creates new challenges for food security in the region. To overcome these threats, the CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) developed among other tools and approaches, the Climate Smart Village (CSV) as a model for local action research to achieve food security, enhance livelihood, and improve environmental management, i.e., Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA).

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/developing-climatesmart-village-models-through-integrated-participatory-action-research

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Farmers in Mali adopt soil and water conservation measures to offset climate change

Soil and water conservation measures are critical to offsetting the impact of climate change on agriculture in sub-Saharan countries. The effectiveness of such measures in differing farming systems has been examined under a USAID Global Climate Change (GCC) project, in the Mopti region of Mali, that aims to address farmers and community perceptions of causes and effects of climate change and barriers to adoption of the resilient practices paying special attention to gender and farming systems in the region.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/farmers-in-mali-adopt-soil-and-water-conservation-measures-to-offset-climate-change

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Making improved groundnut seed available to boost productivity in West Africa

At the same time as enhancing seed production and seed marketing to a grand scale, the partnership’s project objective aims to build farmers’ knowledge of improved groundnut production technologies, including improved groundnut varieties and complementary crop management practices. Groundnut is a very important grain legume crop for the region’s smallholder farmers, and a major cash crop for many households as a nutritious food rich in protein, oil and micronutrients such as iron and zinc that contribute to the improved health of the rural population. It contributes to soil fertility with biological nitrogen fixation, and its haulm is a good source of animal feed.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/making-improved-groundnut-seed-available-to-boost-productivity-in-west-africa

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Integrated management of soil fertility and the Striga parasitic weed gives a 60% boost to sorghum and pearl millet yields

Follow-up analysis of farmer participation in the Large Scale-Diffusion of Technologies for Sorghum and Millet Systems project (ARDT_SMS) highlights the tremendous benefits flowing to farmers. Low fertility and the parasitic Striga weed cause serious limitations to sorghum and pearl millet productivity but technologies to tackle both in the Mopti and Sikasso regions of Mali are available through strengthened research-development partnerships for large scale utilization of priority proven technologies. Major advances have been made in grower knowledge of Integrated Striga and Soil Fertility Management technology through the cluster-based farmer field school approach used by the project.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/integrated-management-of-soil-fertility-and-the-striga-parasitic-weed-gives-a-60-boost-to-sorghum-and-pearl-millet-yields

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Research-development partnerships for large-scale use of priority proven technologies of millet and sorghum in Mali

The objective of this work is to expand large-scale utilization of priority proven technologies that improve nutrition, benefit women and children and enhance the sustainability of smallholder agriculture. A multi-stakeholder consortium is being used innovatively to enhance the value chain from production to marketing and end use. At the farm level, the focus has been to improve production by increasing access to the identified new technologies and enhancing awareness and ‘know-how’ for use of existing technologies for enhancing sorghum and millet production. One approach enables farmers to see the new technologies at the field level under their own conditions. These are marketing plots, either as demonstration plots or as part of farmer field school activities, which involve training of trainers and publicity and awareness dissemination through organized village level visits involving a hundred or more people per village, as well as local and regional radio programs that reach thousands Partners: ICRISAT West and Central Africa- 2015 Highlights :Future-proof science for upcoming generations.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/researchdevelopment-partnerships-for-largescale-use-of-priority-proven-technologies-of-millet-and-sorghum-in-mali

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Opportunities and barriers in purchase of sorghum hybrid seeds in Mali: A qualitative assessment

In West and Central Africa, there is limited development of hybrid sorghum varieties and those that do exist often don’t reach or meet the needs and preferences of smallholder farmers. Over the past decade in Mali, scientists at ICRISAT and the national Institute of Rural Economy have developed hybrid sorghum varieties, based on West African guinea-race landraces and guinea-caudatum interracial breeding lines. Along with improved and local sorghum varieties, these hybrids are being produced for seed and marketed by local cooperatives. The potential improved yields from the hybrids present an opportunity to growers but there are also many barriers to their uptake.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/opportunities-and-barriers-in-purchase-of-sorghum-hybrid-seeds-in-mali-a-qualitative-assessment

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Seed certification and marketing policies in Mali: Do farmers actually benefit?

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is a rapidly developing region of over 800 million people, but its population is projected to reach 1.5 billion people with profound implications for agricultural production and food security. unregulated traditional and informal seed systems because farmer associations find the certification process quite lengthy and they hardly afford the associated certification costs. On average, the certification of one ton of sorghum seeds, for instance, costs almost US$146 for both field inspections and laboratory operations. These costs are too expensive for most farmer cooperatives, and particularly prohibitive for individual farmers. Given this challenge, although farmers still register as seed producers, they often continue to sell their seed via informal networks without any quality control, which affects crop yields and undermines the effort to promote improved varieties and to adapt to the changing agricultural conditions. To help deal with these challenges, private enterprises have recently begun partnering with farmer associations;the private enterprises pay for the seed production and certification costs and buy the resulting seeds from the farmers. The aim of this partnership is to decentralize and increase the number of seed distribution points at the community level, improve the quality of the seed and help professionalize small-scale seed production and distribution.Sustainable agricultural intensification is seen as a serious option in the SSA region for satisfying 2050 global food requirements. At the same time, many challenges still hinder crop intensification in the region.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/seed-certification-and-marketing-policies-in-mali-do-farmers-actually-benefit

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Stable future for millet and sorghum as improved varieties penetrate Niger and Nigeria

ICRISAT and partners has confirmed the importance of both crops and set out the major influences on consumption, demand and associated price and spending elasticities. In Niger and Nigeria, as in most Sahel countries in West and Central Africa (WCA), millet and sorghum are crucial to the diets and livelihood of the rural population. In Niger, consumption of millet and sorghum averaged 144 and 38 kg/ capita/year, respectively, over the last two decades, making these crops key to household food security (FAO, 2015).There was a slight decrease in per capita millet consumption over the last two decades in Niger, which was estimated at 157 kg/year in 1991 compared to 141 kg/year in 2011. Per capita sorghum consumption increased during the same period, reaching its highest in 2010 at about 48 kg/year.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/stable-future-for-millet-and-sorghum-as-improved-varieties-penetrate-niger-and-nigeria

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Resistance genes retain a vital role in the face of climate change

ICRISAT study shows that drought-stressed groundnut plants or low phosphorus (P) conditions do not systematically lead to rapid increases in the population of Aphis craccivora Koch, which is the common aphid transmitting the groundnut rosette disease (GRD) that can have a significant effect on production and yield of groundnut crops. Sustainable crop production in sub-Saharan Africa is constrained by the limited availability of water, low soil fertility and by crop losses to insect pests and diseases. The advent of climate change means that drought, high temperature and low P continue to be major concerns for groundnut production in the Sahel region. An increase in the drought associated with climate change could increase the frequency and severity of insect population outbreaks, and thus, the occurrence of disease epidemics.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/resistance-genes-retain-a-vital-role-in-the-face-of-climate-change

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Tillage practices and nitrogen application can boost soil health and the productivity of sorghum-based systems in the dry savanna

Minimum tillage and N application have been shown by ICRISAT to have a significant positive effect on yields and leaf health of sorghum in the Sudan savanna of Nigeria. Rotating sorghum with soybean has also produced dividends in grain and fodder yield. Conservation agriculture (CA) relies on the simultaneous use of three practices: minimum or zero-tillage; maintenance of a permanent soil cover; and diversified profitable crop rotation. Soil cover is very important due to its impact on the soil water balance, biological activity, soil organic matter build-up and fertility replenishment. However, in West Africa’s dry savannas farmers and livestock keepers allow their animals to roam about – especially in the long dry season – grazing freely on any available forage on fields around the villages, while the transhumance livestock rearers graze their livestock on ranges and farms, both far and near the villages.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/tillage-practices-and-nitrogen-application-can-boost-soil-health-and-the-productivity-of-sorghumbased-systems-in-the-dry-savanna

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Potential to improve the common systems mixing crops, livestock and trees is revealed in Niger studies

A study carried out at ICRISAT’s Sadoré research station in Niger targeted the depressive effect of Acacia species,millet and cowpea planted in close proximity. Mixed croplivestock-tree systems are common in West and Central Africa but are characterized by very low productivity.Some of the causes include low inherent soil fertility, soil degradation through nutrient and organic matter (OM) depletion, and recurrent droughts exacerbated by erratic rainfalls and climate variability.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/potential-to-improve-the-common-systems-mixing-crops-livestock-and-trees-is-revealed-in-niger-studies

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Groundnut shows new traits of tolerance to drought stress conditions under lysimeter system in Niger

Previous studies under field conditions have investigated the response of 300 accessions from a groundnut reference collection to drought stress as well as selected contrasting lines. Groundnut is largely grown in rainfed areas in the semi-arid tropics, and known pod yield decrease can reach 72%. Now assessment of a sub-set of 60 genotypes from the groundnut reference collection in lysimeters, which give similar conditions to fields and allow measurement of crop water requirement, could lead to the identification of new sources and/ or traits of tolerance to drought for improving groundnut productivity.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/groundnut-shows-new-traits-of-tolerance-to-drought-stress-conditions-under-lysimeter-system-in-niger

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Designing effective groundnut breeding strategies through farmer-breeder interaction in northern Nigeria

Nigeria is the leading producer of groundnut in West and Central Africa, accounting for 51% of recorded total production in the region. The crop is produced in 15 out of the 19 States in the Sudan and Sahel savannas of the country. Demand for improved groundnut varieties has been increasing over the years, making it imperative to develop varieties suitable for the different agro-ecological zones, which take into account market preferences, the challenges of aflatoxin contamination and climatic variability. Co-operation between ICRISAT and national partners has created a perfect alignment of farmers’ preferences with breeders’ concerns over the development of improved groundnut varieties with the prime assets of early maturity, high pod and haulm yields, high oil contents and tolerance to prevailing biotic stresses, which combine to offer escape from unpredictable end of season droughts.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/designing-effective-groundnut-breeding-strategies-through-farmerbreeder-interaction-in-northern-nigeria

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Development of near-infrared reflectance spectroscopic calibrations for sorghum stem quality

Sorghum is one of the first dryland cereals to benefit from the intervention in Mali of near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to phenotype major plant traits in upcoming new varieties and speed up the analysis of the large numbers of potential new varieties emanating from breeding programs. Stem quality is the first key trait being assessed in candidate progeny by a Fourier-transformationbased NIRS instrument, namely a multipurpose analyzer (MPA, Bruker Optics), at the Sotuba Biotechnology Laboratory of Mali’s Institute of Rural Economy (IER).

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/development-of-nearinfrared-reflectance-spectroscopic-calibrations-for-sorghum-stem-quality

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Climate-smart sorghums gain Nigerian farmer backing to reverse a production decline

A reversal in Nigeria’s decline in sorghum production is on track after a joint program of developing and evaluating new improved ‘climate-smart’ varieties with farmer help. Despite an annual consumption among smallholder farmers of more than 75 kg/person and its consequent important role in the diets and economies of the people of Nigeria, sorghum production in terms of area harvested and yields began to decline in 2009 (FAOSTAT, 2012) because of the unavailability and non-dissemination of improved varieties and hybrids adapted to the Sudan and Sahel ecologies with low rainfall and Striga infestation.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/climatesmart-sorghums-gain-nigerian-farmers-backing-to-reverse-a-production-decline

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Sweet ways to sorghum success in integrating crops and livestock thanks to high grain yield and stover quality

Sweet sorghum has long been grown on a small scale in many countries of West and Central Africa (WCA) where its stems have been used as treats, especially by children, courtesy of a high content of juice and sugar for energy sourcing. Grain has been regarded as useless for food because of its flouriness, very small size and usual attack by grain mold. However, dwindling pasture area and increasing cattle numbers mean that farmers are increasingly using crop residues to feed animals, especially during dry seasons, and they have started to request varieties combining grain and stover qualities.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/sweet-ways-to-sorghum-success-in-integrating-crops-and-livestock-thanks-to-high-grain-yield-and-stover-quality

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Women and youth in pulse value chains: opportunities for inclusion of smallholders

The 2016 International Year of Pulses has brought global attention to the important roles that pulses play in food, environment, and livelihood systems around the world. Smallholder farmers grow a significant portion of pulse crops and 67% of global pulse production happens in Africa and Asia. Through different value chains, pulses are moved from areas of production to areas of consumption around the globe.;Pulse value chains are highly diverse, ranging from long-distance commodity export to local markets featuring traditional landraces. All pulse value chain actors are important, and the efficacy and equity of these value chains depends on a better understanding of their major actors, including smallholder farmers. It is equally important to recognize that there are many different types smallholder farmers participating in pulse value chains.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/women-and-youth-in-pulse-value-chains-opportunities-for-inclusion-of-smallholders/

Date: 18/Dec/2016

 
 

Super-early pigeonpea: Dodging climate change in the drylands

Pigeonpea in India has seen a change in its status from an orphan crop to a cash crop in the last few years thanks to its rising price. Its long maturity duration and low yield restrict its cultivation as a sole crop. Changing rainfall patterns, rise in annual temperatures and erratic climatic patterns together with the crop’s photo and thermo sensitivity have restricted its expansion to wider latitudes and altitudes. However, the crop’s potential to contribute to food security, nutrition, forage and income generation is indisputable.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/super-early-pigeonpea-dodging-climate-change-in-the-drylands/

Date: 07/Dec/2016

 
 

Open source PhenoApps pave the way to efficient data collection in plant breeding

In an effort to introduce new technology into plant breeding programs, members of the Poland Lab at Kansas State University have developed several free PhenoApps for collecting data with Android smartphones and tablets. By fundamentally designing these tools for plant breeders and geneticists, the group hopes to improve specific areas in the plant breeding process where data management remains difficult.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/open-source-phenoapps-pave-the-way-to-efficient-data-collection-in-plant-breeding/

Date: 21/Oct/2016

 
 

Biofortified pearl millet varieties to fight iron and zinc deficiencies in India

Micronutrient malnutrition because of iron and zinc deficiencies is a serious public health problem in low-and middle-economy countries worldwide.  In India alone, about 80% of the pregnant women, 52% of non-pregnant women, and 74% of children in the 6-35 months age group suffer from iron deficiency.  About 52% of children below 5 year are zinc deficient.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/biofortified-pearl-millet-varieties-to-fight-iron-and-zinc-deficiencies-in-india/

Date: 20/Oct/2016

 
 

Listening to people and getting a response is like physics

Women Farmers Advancement Network (WOFAN), an NGO in Nigeria that coordinates the activities of smallholder farmers to help them practice sustainable agriculture. Agathe Diama in a freewheeling conversation spoke to her about the role of rural women in agriculture.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/listening-to-people-and-getting-a-response-is-like-physics/

Date: 20/Oct/2016

 
 

Crop simulation models: predicting the future of pulses

Pulse crops have many benefits for farming systems, both from the angle of human and animal nutrition and of soil health and farming system sustainability. They face production challenges and these will get worse in future climate scenarios. Yet, the biological basis for increasing tolerance to production constraints is being much better understood and germplasm collections offer a treasure trove of solutions for breeding improved cultivars. There are also software tools such as crop simulation models that allow scientists to decipher the complexity of pulse production and simplify the choice of targeted interventions to maximize productivity and sustainability.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/crop-simulation-models-predicting-the-future-of-pulses/

Date: 14/Oct/2016

 
 

Watershed management approach:Rehabilitating ecosystems and building resilience of farming communities (ICRISAT Annual report 2015)

ICRISAT’s pool of climate-smart agricultural practices is equipping farming communities in the mining belt of Karnataka, India, to restore their ecosystem and get better crop yields and incomes even in uncertain weather. Bellary district of Karnataka, India, is a hotspot of water scarcity, land degradation and poverty.Youngsters are employed in mining and related industrial activities and agriculture is taken up by older men and women folk. Shortage of labor, falling returns due to low crop yields and price constraints have impacted agriculture negatively,resulting in food insecurity and poor nutrition of humans and cattle in the region.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/watershed-management-approachrehabilitating-ecosystems-and-building-resilience-of-farming-communities-icrisat-annual-report-2015

Date: 20/Sep/2016

 
 

Met advisory and farm systems approach:Using climate information to build resilient agroecosystems (ICRISAT Annual report 2015)

In Mopti, Mali, farmers are combating climate change by adopting ecosystem conservation methods and using high quality climate information for agroforestry, crop, livestock management decisions.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/met-advisory-and-farm-systems-approachusing-climate-information-to-build-resilient-agroecosystems-icrisat-annual-report-2015

Date: 20/Sep/2016

 
 

Futuristic multi-model approach : Customizing adaptation packages to reduce vulnerability to climate change (ICRISAT Annual report 2015)

Using a multi-model framework for climate, crop, livestock and socio-economic simulation, customized climate change adaptation packages were developed for farmers in Nkayi, Zimbabwe. The computersimulated scenarios are helping policy makers to make crucial decisions to support farmers.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/futuristic-multimodel-approach-customizing-adaptation-packages-to-reduce-vulnerability-to-climate-change-icrisat-annual-report-2015

Date: 20/Sep/2016

 
 

Climate and crop modelling approach-Cropping advisories based on seasonal forecasts (ICRISAT Annual report 2015)

In a pilot study conducted in South India, farmers who followed the cropping advisory derived from climate and crop simulation modeling earned 20% more than those who did not heed the advice.A majority of the farming community in Hussainapuram, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, live below the poverty line. Over 50% of the cultivators hold less than two hectares of dryland. Twice in every five years the village experiences drought. Recurrent droughts force migration to nearby cities for employment. In this region the deep black soils are deficient in major and micro nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, boron and zinc. Cotton, groundnut, sunflower and chickpea are the major crops in the region. Cotton growers have been the worst hit by changing rainfall patterns.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/climate-and-crop-modelling-approachcropping-advisories-based-on-seasonal-forecasts-icrisat-annual-report-2015

Date: 20/Sep/2016

 
 

Agricultural and digital technologies approach- Integrating climate information and eco-conservation technologies

Faced with frequent unpredictable dry spells, farmers rely on mobile climate advisories for critical and timely information to decide when to sow crops and when to store or release harvested rainwater in villages.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/icrisat-annual-report-agricultural-and-digital-technologies-approach-integrating-climate-information-and-ecoconservation-technologies

Date: 20/Sep/2016

 
 

Sinking your teeth into sorghum rotis

Crop value is determined not just by grain produced per hectare but also by its nutritional content. Improving the nutrient density of staple crops can play a role in stamping out malnourishment that endangers the health and development of subsistent farming communities, especially among women and children in the semi-arid tropics.Recently, the SACSA (System analysis for climate smart agriculture, ICRISAT) team in collaboration with the NutriPlus Knowledge Program (NPK) of AIP-ICRISAT, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and WorldFish established a new research stream dedicated to investigating GxExM (Genotype X Environment X Management) interactions with sorghum grain and stover nutritional profiles.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/sinking-your-teeth-into-sorghum-rotis/

Date: 24/Jun/2016

 
 

International Year of Pulses 2016:Farmer access to varieties is crucial

Pulse researchers need to focus on reaching farmers and increasing their incomes rather than only on increasing productivity. Biofortification is another area that should be explored to deal with nutritional deficiencies among children in India, as well as developing need-based varieties.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/farmer-access-to-varieties-is-crucial/

Date: 22/Jun/2016

 
 

Identifying climate-smart sorghum lines for Mali

To better identify drought-tolerant traits in Malian sorghum genotypes. This will help crop improvement programs develop progenies with highest value in terms of productivity and yield stability in the face of dwindling resources, especially water.To do so, different but complementary objectives were set. As a first step, a crop simulation modelling approach is being used to characterize the sorghum production environment in Mali to identify the major types of stress patterns and the frequency of their occurrence, experienced by two representative genotypes (CSM335 and CSM63E). The model is being allowed to identify the most favorable sowing date based on rainfall information, in order to set up a baseline of stress scenarios.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/identifying-climate-smart-sorghum-lines-for-mali/

Date: 20/Jun/2016

 
 

Our crops and croplands feed livestock

Can Africa’s growing demand for red meat be met by better utilizing cropland resources and the available feed/forage technologies produced in the mixed crop-livestock systems of the dry Semi-Arid Tropics? The answer came to me when I recently undertook an extended trip in southern Africa  where I visited farmer and National Agricultural Research Systems or NARS collaborators of ICRISAT scientists Martin Moyo in Zimbabwe and  Sabine Homann-Kee Tui in Mozambique.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/our-crops-and-croplands-feed-livestock/

Date: 06/Jun/2016

 
 

STARS- One heralds the uberization of world agriculture

In October 2015, the mayor of Sukumba (Koningue commune, Mali) awarded 50 certificates to farmers who led collaborative fertility trials with ICRISAT[1], AMEDD[2], IER[3], MANOBI[4], UCL[5], UdS[6], WUR[7], and other STARS[8] partners. These awards were no ordinary certificates: alongside the usual recipient name and official seal, they featured the boxplot outcome of fertilizer application on crop yield and biomass, AND a map of the crop response as seen from satellite – right inside their individual field.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/stars-one-heralds-the-uberization-of-world-agriculture/

Date: 26/Apr/2016

 
 

What do we mean by womens crops?

“Women’s crops” is a familiar feature in writing about smallholder agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara. Although not always easy to define, they generally refer to crops grown by women for home consumption rather than for sale. The growth of domestic and regional markets has opened new opportunities for commercializing these crops. This is good news for women – unless men muscle in and take control of the income, leaving women to do the work. This was the widely reported experience when the commercialization of rice occurred in the Gambia. We wanted to revisit this issue of gender and commercialization. What happens to women’s control when these crops find a market?

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/what-do-we-mean-by-womens-crops/

Date: 26/Apr/2016

 
 

Youth are the future of agricultural development

500 delegates at the Third Global Conference of Agricultural Research and Development (GCARD3) in Johannesburg, South Africa, of 75 youth delegates and social reporters, who had come together from different corners of the world to learn social media tools and join deliberations with researchers on the future of agricultural development. In  the six-day social media bootcamp, which included three days of intense 12 hours/day classroom training and three days of live reporting from the global event. It was a great opportunity to learn new social media tools, the art of telling stories through the social media and exchange ideas with delegates from diverse backgrounds – researchers, farmers, students, women leaders, politicians and communication specialists.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/youth-are-the-future-of-agricultural-development/

Date: 26/Apr/2016

 
 

The so what question : Integrating and communicating gender research

The CGIAR Gender and Agriculture Research Network held its annual meeting at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) headquarters in Cali, Colombia earlier this month. The meeting was attended by gender specialists and coordinators from across the spectrum. All the sessions were interactive and participatory.  Gender Research Coordinators gave flash talks of 5 minutes. An interesting series of talks were on how gender research is being used to influence the way CGIAR Research Programs conduct research to be gender responsive.

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/the-so-what-question-integrating-and-communicating-gender-research/

Date: 22/Feb/2017

 
 

Creating a market for her - Innovation Platforms in Zimbabwe make it possible

Low reproductive rates, high mortality, poor condition and breeds of animals resulted in low market prices. Get to know of the strategies deployed that helped women sell their goats for a good price.

 

Download : 624 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/creating-a-market-for-her-innovation-platforms-in-zimbabwe-make-it-possible

Date: 31/Dec/2015

 
 

Seed producers get market-savvy - Women in Niger bag the best deals

In Niger the major producers and processors of groundnut are women. Now they are also major marketers, thanks to the facilitators who motivated seed companies to sign contracts with women’s associations.  

 

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/seed-producers-get-marketsavvy-women-in-niger-bag-the-best-deals

Date: 31/Dec/2015

 
 

Game for innovation - Women in India and Africa try out new technologies

Be it for a healthy snack for kids or preparation of eco-friendly bio-charcoal, introducing processing empowers women to find a market for innovative sorghum products.It started off a year and half ago when my friends and I were looking for business avenues the raw material directly from the farmers. 

 

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/game-for-innovation-women-in-india-and-africa-try-out-new-technologies

Date: 31/Dec/2015

 
 

Her opinion matters - A Southeast Asia project sets an example

From selecting crop varieties that met their requirements to updating farming and business skills through trainings on improved crop and seed production practices, women farmers in Vietnam, Laos, Nepal and India played a key role in improving the productivity and sustainability of rainfed agriculture in their respective project regions.

 

Download : 188 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/her-opinion-matters-a-southeast-asia-project-sets-an-example

Date: 31/Dec/2015

 
 

Climate-smart women - Snapshots from Madhya Pradesh, India

On-farm and off -farm diversification help women from Siyalwada village in Madhya Pradesh withstand the shocks of climate change. The Self-Help Groups they have formed equip them financially to diversify their farms.
 

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/climatesmart-women-snapshots-from-madhya-pradesh-india

Date: 31/Dec/2015

 
 

Imagery for Smallholders - activating Business Entry points and leveraging Agriculture (ISABElA) - Were thinking of replacing cotton with peanut. What do you think? (French)

Modern remote sensing technology, such as satellites, aircrafts and the information they collect, provide data to readily improve agricultural management systems in high-income countries but the application of similar benefits to the small, often indeterminate farming plots in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) or southern Asia has always seemed much more problematic. Out of the vast amount of data collected in high-income countries, advice can be provided to farmers on the ground to help inform their decisions about farming methods.

Download : 171 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/imagery-for-smallholders-activating-business-entry-points-and-leveraging-agriculture-isabela-were-thinking-of-replacing-cotton-with-peanut-what-do-you-think

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Imagery for Smallholders - activating Business Entry points and leveraging Agriculture (ISABElA) - Were thinking of replacing cotton with peanut. What do you think?

Modern remote sensing technology, such as satellites, aircrafts and the information they collect, provide data to readily improve agricultural management systems in high-income countries but the application of similar benefits to the small, often indeterminate farming plots in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) or southern Asia has always seemed much more problematic. Out of the vast amount of data collected in high-income countries, advice can be provided to farmers on the ground to help inform their decisions about farming methods.

Download : 159 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Good home-produced quality seed puts Malian farmers ahead of the game (French)

exceptional grain yield results from farmer-managed seed systems are boosting food security in mali thanks to ICRISAT and its partners. “If you have good seeds, you will be ahead of the game”, says Souleymane Ballo, a respected elder from mpessoba, a village between Segou and koutiala, in South mali where he is among the first farmers to benefit from research funded by the mcknight foundation.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/good-homeproduced-quality-seed-puts-malian-farmers-ahead-of-the-game-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Good home-produced quality seed puts Malian farmers ahead of the game

exceptional grain yield results from farmer-managed seed systems are boosting food security in mali thanks to ICRISAT and its partners. “If you have good seeds, you will be ahead of the game”, says Souleymane Ballo, a respected elder from mpessoba, a village between Segou and koutiala, in South mali where he is among the first farmers to benefit from research funded by the mcknight foundation.

Download : 478 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Farmers hold the key to Malis sorghum market (French)

Sorghum is among the top three crops produced by Malian farmers, and it is these self-same farmers who underpin the country’s sorghum marketing system. A study by ICRISAT West and Central Africa shows that, on average, about 27% (8 to 36% of individual harvests) of sorghum produced is sold into spot markets, indicating that sorghum grain is only sold to buyers once farmers have determined the quantity necessary to cover their own household consumption. However, some farmers invariably find they are short of grain in the lean period and have to buy sorghum from local markets.

Download : 233 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/farmers-hold-the-key-to-malis-sorghum-market-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Farmers hold the key to Malis sorghum market

Sorghum is among the top three crops produced by Malian farmers, and it is these self-same farmers who underpin the country’s sorghum marketing system. A study by ICRISAT West and Central Africa shows that, on average, about 27% (8 to 36% of individual harvests) of sorghum produced is sold into spot markets, indicating that sorghum grain is only sold to buyers once farmers have determined the quantity necessary to cover their own household consumption. However, some farmers invariably find they are short of grain in the lean period and have to buy sorghum from local markets.

Download : 225 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Positive income impact for women groundnut farmers: from PVS to seed production and marketing (French)

Successful introductions of improved groundnut varieties and disease management through partnership with women’s groups have not only increased individual farmer incomes but also produced surplus cash for further investment in farming. And, male farmers spurred on by the results of the women’s involvement in participatory varietal selection (PvS) and in aflatoxin management have also adopted similar approaches to improving their returns from groundnuts.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/positive-income-impact-for-women-groundnut-farmers-from-pvs-to-seed-production-and-marketing-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Positive income impact for women groundnut farmers: from PVS to seed production and marketing

Successful introductions of improved groundnut varieties and disease management through partnership with women’s groups have not only increased individual farmer incomes but also produced surplus cash for further investment in farming. And, male farmers spurred on by the results of the women’s involvement in participatory varietal selection (PvS) and in aflatoxin management have also adopted similar approaches to improving their returns from groundnuts.

Download : 960 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Improving Nigerias groundnut landraces for resistance to multiple biotic and abiotic stresses (French)

The gap between low groundnut yields in Nigeria and those achieved in other major groundnut-producing countries is set to reduce thanks to new elite lines with multiple resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several promising lines have already been identified by ICRISAT-Nigeria after evaluating more than 500 advanced breeding/elite lines over the wet and dry seasons in 2014. The next step over the coming seasons in collaboration with its NARS partners – the Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR) and the Bayero University of Kano (BUK)-is to confirm the superiority of the most promising lines in trials.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/improving-nigerias-groundnut-landraces-for-resistance-to-multiple-biotic-and-abiotic-stresses-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Improving Nigerias groundnut landraces for resistance to multiple biotic and abiotic stresses

The gap between low groundnut yields in Nigeria and those achieved in other major groundnut-producing countries is set to reduce thanks to new elite lines with multiple resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several promising lines have already been identified by ICRISAT-Nigeria after evaluating more than 500 advanced breeding/elite lines over the wet and dry seasons in 2014. The next step over the coming seasons in collaboration with its NARS partners – the Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR) and the Bayero University of Kano (BUK)-is to confirm the superiority of the most promising lines in trials.

Download : 348 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Sharing new ideas for baking and fueling cookers with sorghum (French)

New baking and bio-charcoal production techniques have been introduced to women farmers in kano, Nigeria so they can benefit from technologies for enhancing the sorghum value chain. A training-of-trainers workshop primarily focused on the use of sorghum in making bakery products such as cakes, biscuits and bread, and on producing bio-charcoal. Twenty-one women extension agents and group leaders drawn from the kano State Agricultural Development Project learned about the benefits of sorghum, food safety practices, hygiene, sanitation, and entrepreneurship during the two-day workshop organized by ICRISAT.

Download : 164 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/sharing-new-ideas-for-baking-and-fueling-cookers-with-sorghum-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Sharing new ideas for baking and fueling cookers with sorghum

New baking and bio-charcoal production techniques have been introduced to women farmers in kano, Nigeria so they can benefit from technologies for enhancing the sorghum value chain. A training-of-trainers workshop primarily focused on the use of sorghum in making bakery products such as cakes, biscuits and bread, and on producing bio-charcoal. Twenty-one women extension agents and group leaders drawn from the kano State Agricultural Development Project learned about the benefits of sorghum, food safety practices, hygiene, sanitation, and entrepreneurship during the two-day workshop organized by ICRISAT.

Download : 173 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Sorghum in poultry feed brings extra value to the crop-livestock system (French)

Poultry farmers’ concerns about using sorghum instead of maize in poultry feed have been overcome thanks to dietary trials by ICRISAT in Niger, Nigeria and India. A key problem facing poultry production in Niger and Nigeria is the inadequate supply and high cost of feed ingredients, for which maize is the main energy source. Alternative energy sources such as sorghum may help reduce the high cost of poultry feed.

Download : 358 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/sorghum-in-poultry-feed-brings-extra-value-to-the-croplivestock-system-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Sorghum in poultry feed brings extra value to the crop-livestock system

Poultry farmers’ concerns about using sorghum instead of maize in poultry feed have been overcome thanks to dietary trials by ICRISAT in Niger, Nigeria and India. A key problem facing poultry production in Niger and Nigeria is the inadequate supply and high cost of feed ingredients, for which maize is the main energy source. Alternative energy sources such as sorghum may help reduce the high cost of poultry feed.

Download : 381 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Investment in Niger to meet the challenges posed by hunger and poverty (French)

In the Sahelian zones of West and central Africa (WCA), drought, heat and low soil nutrients are the major abiotic constraints to crop productivity. The biggest challenge in this region is the identification and characterization of drought/heat/low-nutrient tolerant genitors to provide material to be used in genetic breeding programs for improving productivity.

Download : 397 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/investment-in-niger-to-meet-the-challenges-posed-by-hunger-and-poverty-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Investment in Niger to meet the challenges posed by hunger and poverty

In the Sahelian zones of West and central Africa (WCA), drought, heat and low soil nutrients are the major abiotic constraints to crop productivity. The biggest challenge in this region is the identification and characterization of drought/heat/low-nutrient tolerant genitors to provide material to be used in genetic breeding programs for improving productivity.

Download : 374 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Friendly fungi are enrolled to offset soil nutrient mining (French)

Naturally occurring soil fungi could form part of a strategy to offset soil nutrient mining if a balance can be found between the immediate needs of farmers and the benefits of long-term fertility management to improve crop productivity on sandy soils in Niger. Cowpea, millet, dolic, voandzou, and sesbania are all associated with root-colonizing mycorrhiza fungi, which form symbiotic relationships with leguminous plants to fix soil solution dissolved nutrients such as phosphate, nitrogen and other nutrients that can be taken up by the host plant.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/friendly-fungi-are-enrolled-to-offset-soil-nutrient-mining-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Friendly fungi are enrolled to offset soil nutrient mining

Naturally occurring soil fungi could form part of a strategy to offset soil nutrient mining if a balance can be found between the immediate needs of farmers and the benefits of long-term fertility management to improve crop productivity on sandy soils in Niger. Cowpea, millet, dolic, voandzou, and sesbania are all associated with root-colonizing mycorrhiza fungi, which form symbiotic relationships with leguminous plants to fix soil solution dissolved nutrients such as phosphate, nitrogen and other nutrients that can be taken up by the host plant.

Download : 277 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Watershed Management involves the community beyond farm level (French)

A community-managed learning site in Mali is the first step to an integrated approach to watershed management supported by willing farmers and research organizations keen to optimize water usage by crops in semi-arid areas that have sufficient water capacity in theory but not yet in reality. Climate data suggests that up to 1,000 mm of annual rainfall at Kani village in the Koutiala region is good enough to support crops and livestock, but potential evapotranspiration is high, rainfall is erratic, erosion is widespread and there is little storage of water. Scientists and farmers are now testing fresh ideas.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/watershed-management-involves-the-community-beyond-farm-level-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Watershed Management involves the community beyond farm level

A community-managed learning site in Mali is the first step to an integrated approach to watershed management supported by willing farmers and research organizations keen to optimize water usage by crops in semi-arid areas that have sufficient water capacity in theory but not yet in reality. Climate data suggests that up to 1,000 mm of annual rainfall at Kani village in the Koutiala region is good enough to support crops and livestock, but potential evapotranspiration is high, rainfall is erratic, erosion is widespread and there is little storage of water. Scientists and farmers are now testing fresh ideas.

Download : 427 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

System intensification as an adaptive mechanism to climate change (French)

Food security in the dryland systems of the Sudan savanna of West Africa faces serious challenges driven by global climate change that can only be met by adaptation responses that embrace sustainable development and increases in area productivity. As the main source of livelihood for the poor in West Africa and most developing countries, agriculture must change and adapt to feed an expanding population. Improvement of agricultural productivity is critical to achieving this food security in the face of long-term changes in average temperatures, precipitation and in climate variability. 

Download : 441 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/system-intensification-as-an-adaptive-mechanism-to-climate-change-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

System intensification as an adaptive mechanism to climate change

Food security in the dryland systems of the Sudan savanna of West Africa faces serious challenges driven by global climate change that can only be met by adaptation responses that embrace sustainable development and increases in area productivity. As the main source of livelihood for the poor in West Africa and most developing countries, agriculture must change and adapt to feed an expanding population. Improvement of agricultural productivity is critical to achieving this food security in the face of long-term changes in average temperatures, precipitation and in climate variability. 

Download : 571 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Parasitoid wasps for biological control to become a new Sahel cottage industry (French)

Parasitoid wasps may soon join the range of ‘crops’ grown in millet-producing villages across the Sahel. If trials in Niger in 2015 and 2016 are successful in demonstrating the willingness of villages to purchase parasitoid wasps for pest control in their millet crops then local biocontrol will become a commercial reality for community-based producers.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/parasitoid-wasps-for-biological-control-to-become-a-new-sahel-cottage-industry-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Parasitoid wasps for biological control to become a new Sahel cottage industry

Parasitoid wasps may soon join the range of ‘crops’ grown in millet-producing villages across the Sahel. If trials in Niger in 2015 and 2016 are successful in demonstrating the willingness of villages to purchase parasitoid wasps for pest control in their millet crops then local biocontrol will become a commercial reality for community-based producers.

Download : 245 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Sorghum landraces for development of diversified adaptable sorghum hybrids in Nigeria (French)

The first steps have been taken to develop high-yielding and disease-resistant sorghum hybrids suitable for the dry northern zones of Nigeria. Commercially viable sorghum hybrids are already available for West and Central Africa (WCA) but suit only a single maturity band (100 km from north-south) for the guinea-race zone of Senegal, Mali and Burkina Faso. There are no hybrids available for the drier, more northern zones of Nigeria, which is the largest sorghum producing area in the region, growing mostly the caudatum- or durra-types.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/sorghum-landraces-for-development-of-diversified-adaptable-sorghum-hybrids-in-nigeria-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Sorghum landraces for development of diversified adaptable sorghum hybrids in Nigeria

The first steps have been taken to develop high-yielding and disease-resistant sorghum hybrids suitable for the dry northern zones of Nigeria. Commercially viable sorghum hybrids are already available for West and Central Africa (WCA) but suit only a single maturity band (100 km from north-south) for the guinea-race zone of Senegal, Mali and Burkina Faso. There are no hybrids available for the drier, more northern zones of Nigeria, which is the largest sorghum producing area in the region, growing mostly the caudatum- or durra-types.

Download : 499 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Dual-purpose sweet sorghum, a new option for farmers to increase their income (French)

Dual-purpose sweet sorghum varieties offer farmers expanded opportunities for income from selling fodder and sweet juices and syrup as well as grain. Although mainly grown for human consumption in the semi-arid tropics, where it constitutes a staple food for 500 million people in over 30 countries, sorghum stover or crop residue is one of the cereal’s by-products much used as animal feed by the majority of farmers, who also keep cattle strongly dependent on natural pastures and by- roducts from cereals and legumes.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/dualpurpose-sweet-sorghum-a-new-option-for-farmers-to-increase-their-income-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Dual-purpose sweet sorghum, a new option for farmers to increase their income

Dual-purpose sweet sorghum varieties offer farmers expanded opportunities for income from selling fodder and sweet juices and syrup as well as grain. Although mainly grown for human consumption in the semi-arid tropics, where it constitutes a staple food for 500 million people in over 30 countries, sorghum stover or crop residue is one of the cereal’s by-products much used as animal feed by the majority of farmers, who also keep cattle strongly dependent on natural pastures and by- roducts from cereals and legumes.

Download : 5320 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Success stories from the Africa Rising large-scale Diffusion of Technologies of Sorghum and Millet Systems project

On 28 June 2014, I went to my field with my kids to sow the Toroniou variety of millet for seed production. Upon arrival I found my neighbor Mr Souleymane Guindo had already sown his field more than a month before me, and was pleased with the result. He told me that I was too late for sowing and he thought it unlikely I could harvest anything in my field. Because I had participated in a training organized in Bankass by ICRISAT and its partners, during which the trainers presented the product Apron Star and its benefits, I did not think I was too late in sowing and that the plants would catch hold because my seeds were treated with Apron Star.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Large-scale diffusion of technologies for sorghum and millet systems in Mali (French)

Potential success with new crop varieties, seed treatment, pest and weed control is being strengthened by giving sorghum and millet growers proven ways and means to better harvests. A multi-stakeholder project consortium, including ICRISAT-WCA, is geared to improving sorghumand pearl millet-based production systems in the Mopti and Sikasso regions of Mali through strengthened research-development partnerships for large-scale use of priority proven technologies.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/largescale-diffusion-of-technologies-for-sorghum-and-millet-systems-in-mali-french

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Large-scale diffusion of technologies for sorghum and millet systems in Mali

Potential success with new crop varieties, seed treatment, pest and weed control is being strengthened by giving sorghum and millet growers proven ways and means to better harvests. A multi-stakeholder project consortium, including ICRISAT-WCA, is geared to improving sorghumand pearl millet-based production systems in the Mopti and Sikasso regions of Mali through strengthened research-development partnerships for large-scale use of priority proven technologies.

Download : 1147 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Technology diffusion and uptake - Improved sorghum and pearl millet varieties flourish under the HOPE project

Introducing Malian farmers to improved varieties of both sorghum and pearl millet has boosted both yields and overall grain production in target villages and spilled over to their non-targeted neighbors. Pearl millet and sorghum play a critical role in production and supply systems in Mali. These two staple crops account for about 80% of the country’s planted crop area, and for about 49% of cereal production over the period 2009−2010, an increase of 17% compared to the 2008-2009 period.

Download : 398 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/WCA%20Highlights%202014_English.pdf

Date: 15/Dec/2015

 
 

Success stories from the Africa Rising large-scale Diffusion of Technologies of Sorghum and Millet Systems project (French)

On 28 June 2014, I went to my field with my kids to sow the Toroniou variety of millet for seed production. Upon arrival I found my neighbor Mr Souleymane Guindo had already sown his field more than a month before me, and was pleased with the result. He told me that I was too late for sowing and he thought it unlikely I could harvest anything in my field. Because I had participated in a training organized in Bankass by ICRISAT and its partners, during which the trainers presented the product Apron Star and its benefits, I did not think I was too late in sowing and that the plants would catch hold because my seeds were treated with Apron Star.

Download : 5819 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/success-stories-from-the-africa-rising-largescale-diffusion-of-technologies-of-sorghum-and-millet-systems-project-french

Date: 14/Dec/2015

 
 

Technology diffusion and uptake - Improved sorghum and pearl millet varieties flourish under the HOPE project (French)

Introducing Malian farmers to improved varieties of both sorghum and pearl millet has boosted both yields and overall grain production in target villages and spilled over to their non-targeted neighbors. Pearl millet and sorghum play a critical role in production and supply systems in Mali. These two staple crops account for about 80% of the country’s planted crop area, and for about 49% of cereal production over the period 2009−2010, an increase of 17% compared to the 2008-2009 period.

Download : 407 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/technology-diffusion-and-uptake-improved-sorghum-and-pearl-millet-varieties-flourish-under-the-hope-project-french

Date: 14/Dec/2015

 
 

Women Leaders - Janki Bai

Stacks of rice bags on the verandah, a solar-powered streetlight brightening up the courtyard and a dish antenna popping out of the thatched roof of Janki Bai’s home take you by surprise. Rice in a semi-arid region? How about streetlights in an isolated village where even grid connectivity even in 2025 seemed to be a remote possibility? Even the approach road to Dungaria village, set in rocky mountain terrain, is unmotorable. Getting to Janki’s home is literally an uphill task!

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/womenleaders-jankibai.htm

Date: 06/Mar/2015

 
 

Women Leaders - Hari Bai

Year 2014 was a difficult one for 58-year-old Hari Bai. The monsoon failed – the rains were much lower than normal in her village Siyalwada – a tiny hamlet on the forest edge in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Though the rainwater harvesting pond that she shares with a neighboring farmer provided some relief, her rice harvest was not as abundant as the previous year.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/womenleaders-haribai.htm

Date: 06/Mar/2015

 
 

Women Leaders - Sarda Bai

When you step into Sarda Bai’s house you can see that her house is different from the barely furnished houses in the rest of Siyalwada village in Madhya Pradesh, India that is inhabited by the tribal group, Adivasi. The TV blares on as the flour mill chugs away; there’s a big granary in the corner to store wheat; in front of the house is a shed for the goats and a buffalo, and in the narrow courtyard, a brand new bike glistens in the afternoon sun. One other thing that stands out conspicuously on the verandah is the red instrument provided by ICRISAT, which her husband uses to measure the water levels in the wells and tube wells in the village and five other neighboring villages.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/womenleaders-sardabai.htm

Date: 06/Mar/2015

 
 

Innovation platforms to livelihoods

Agricultural systems in Africa are notoriously low input-low output systems. This results in low production, and often very little to sell off to generate the much needed cash income. Moreover, markets in rural areas are extremely poorly developed and farmers often find themselves ill-informed about market requirements, grades and standards, price structures and associated policies. In addition, small land holdings and poor labor productivity result in very little excess for market-related sale. In semi-arid areas, where crop production is very risky, households sell their small livestock to pay for food, education and human health. Goat markets were poorly developed and transaction costs for all were very high, resulting in very low income/profits. Low reproductive rates and high mortality, primarily a result of poor dry season feeding, limits the number of animals a household can offer for sale, while poor animal condition and breed results in low prices at informal markets.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars-Volume-II.pdf

Date: 01/Jan/2015

 
 

Incubating confidence

The Indian National Agricultural Research System (NARS) is considered as one of the largest publicly funded research systems in the world. However, gaps in its extension machinery have held back many of its research developments from realizing their full potential and reaching its intended target group – the farmers. This has also led to technology fatigue in the system and is detrimental to the agriculture sector in which more than 60 percent of the population depends for its livelihood.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars-Volume-II.pdf

Date: 01/Jan/2015

 
 

The human face at the center of all

Grain legumes are protein rich foods that balance cereal-based diets and are the least resource demanding option to improve the nutrition of poor people. In Malawi, smallholder farmers generally consume and sell grain
legumes, benefiting from food and income gains. Grain legumes also contribute enormously to sustainable intensification and raising of food production in smallholder farming systems.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars-Volume-II.pdf

Date: 01/Jan/2015

 
 

Sowing seeds of prosperity - A success story from Malawi

About 49% of seed producers in Malawi are female. The Phalula Women’s Group plays an important role in increasing certified legume seed supply in the country. Challenge - Farmers has limited access to improved high-yielding and fast-maturing varieties of groundnut and pigeonpea. 

Download : 586 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/sowing-seeds-of-prosperity-a-success-story-from-malawi

Date: 31/Dec/2014

 
 

Smart Foods: Nutri-cereals for her - The creation of biofortified pearl millet

To combat anemia in women and children, scientists developed biofortified pearl millet high in iron and zinc, which has been adopted by Indian farmers. A fine example of the Lab-to-Land approach. India: Every second Indian woman is anemic and one in every five maternal deaths is directly due to anemia*. Pearl millet biofortification opens up the possibility of a cost-effective strategy to beat micronutrient malnutrition in women and children.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/smart-foods-nutricereals-for-her-the-creation-of-biofortified-pearl-millet

Date: 31/Dec/2014

 
 

Equipping nurturers - An Indian farmer shares her story

Trained women farmers add to their income by adopting eco-friendly ways – enriching the soil by recycling farm waste through vermicompositing, raising Gliricidia nurseries for organic fertilizer and managing water resources. Ms Sheela from Raichur, Karnataka, India, owned a 1.3 ha barren plot of land. To rejuvenate the land and make it productive she adopted an integrated farming approach.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/equipping-nurturers-an-indian-farmer-shares-her-story

Date: 31/Dec/2014

 
 

Equal say is the key - Watershed projects in India & Africa show the way

Having 50% women on watershed committees in India has ensured that their concerns are addressed in decision making. It has also empowered them to have an equal say in community affairs. Adoption of a holistic community-based approach, created a voice and stake for the landless, poor and women taking it further than soil and moisture conservation and water harvesting interventions.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/equal-say-is-the-key-watershed-projects-in-india-africa-show-the-way

Date: 31/Dec/2014

 
 

The game changer - Pigeonpea for uplifting livelihoods and sustainable agriculture in Rajasthan

Fifteen million hectares of dry areas in Rajasthan cultivated by smallholder farmers have been affected by frequent droughts and land degradation. Years of absent or minimal rainfall, coupled with the fact that soil enhancing legumes had not been grown here for ages, had not surprisingly led to depletion of soil health, making the soil uninviting and unproductive, This in turn has led to low productivity and sometimes abandonment of agricultural lands, causing extreme hardships to millions of farmers who depend on farming for their livelihoods.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

Micro doses to security - Microdosing, warrantage and small seed packs for better incomes in Africa

In the dry, and often barren, semi-arid tropics of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the longterm overuse of soil leads to land degradation, decline in soil fertility, and decline in crop yields. Studies show that land degradation in West and Central Africa (WCA) leads to a loss of about $42 billion in incomes, and 5 million hectares of productive land each year. In Zimbabwe, 75-90% of crop land is unfertilized as the average fertilizer application by smallholder farmers, when they can afford it, is a mere 3 kg/ha.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

Partnership for synergy - Promoting sorghum and pearl millet in the poultry feed industry

The area under sorghum is declining in India, China and Thailand due to several constraints on both production and marketing. Studies documented the constraints in sorghum farming in project areas (India, China and Thailand), and the major constraints found include (i) Availability and access to improved cultivar seeds and other inputs; (ii) Poor access to cost effective technologies to enhance production; (iii) Absence of farm advisory services to help farmers in taking farm level decisions; (iv) Inability to get timely credit from nationalized banks; and (v) Poor market linkages to industry.

Download : 450 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

Collectively we prosper - Adoption of high yielding and wilt resistant pigeonpea in Tanzania and creating new markets

Until recently, pigeonpea was not an important crop in Tanzania, and the national agricultural research system and the government paid very little attention to varietal development and dissemination. The area occupied by pigeonpea was only 65,000 ha (2001-03) and farmers grew traditional long duration and low yielding varieties that are susceptible to pests (pod borers, pod fly, pod sucking bugs) and diseases (fusarium wilt). Small-seeded varieties failed to meet market requirements; market linkages were underdeveloped; and farmers could not access seed of improved varieties because of poor input and technology delivery systems.

Download : 284 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

Song of the season - Enhancing adoption of improved chickpea cultivars in India and Myanmar

Fifteen years ago, chickpea was a subsistence crop in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India and in Myanmar. The chickpea area was comparatively small (133,000 ha in Andhra Pradesh and 141,000 in Myanmar) and the average yields were low (714 kg/ha in Andhra Pradesh and 663 kg/ha in Myanmar). Farmers were growing old varieties and landraces, which had low productivity and were susceptible to the devastating fusarium wilt disease. Because of low yield levels, farmers were reluctant to invest in improvements by providing inputs to the crop that could ensure optimum crop growth and management of insect-pests.

Download : 430 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

HOPE for the future - Sorghum and finger millet in HOPE Project, Tanzania

Agriculture, contributing to 25% of GDP and employing more than 75 percent of the population, is the mainstay of the economy in Tanzania and has potential to be a key driver of economic growth in the country. Nationally, the poverty level is estimated at 40%, with access to modern technologies cited as a constraint, as only 50% of the demand for improved seed and fertilizers are met. ICRISAT’s HOPE project on productivity and profitability improvement for sorghum and finger millet has project sites in five semi-arid districts of Tanzania namely, Kondoa, Singida Rural, Iramba, Kishapu and Rombo, with a combined population of about 1.5 m people.

Download : 449 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

Taste of success - Agri-business Innovation Platform - India and Africa

In the globalized world, imports and exports are playing a major role in determining the economic growth of a country. Major economies of the world have been importing significant amounts of food and agricultural products from developing and under-developed countries. Although, this seems like a win-win situation, importing countries are only importing produce/products that meet the stringent safety norms set forth by their nations. Even developing and under-developed countries are placing a greater importance on the production of quality and safe food that is being either imported into their respective countries or exported from their countries.

Download : 289 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

Sowing the seeds of prosperity

Groundnut is a major source of income, protein and calorie intake for rural households in West and Central Africa (WCA).It is considered a woman’s crop, as women farmers play a major role in the groundnut seed value chains – they are the major groundnut seed producers, major groundnut seed processors and seed marketers. However, not enough institutional, policy and market support has been provided to women to improve seed value chain efficiencies. A SWOT analysis on the performance of the groundnut seed sector showed that women farmers were not exposed to modern varieties, had little knowledge of seed production technologies, and were facing seed marketing constraints.

Download : 340 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/PDF/IMOD-Exemplars.pdf

Date: 25/Nov/2014

 
 

EQUINUT: A high-energy weapon fighting malnutrition

This increases the chances of the bio-fortified food – Equinut – being acceptable and achieving its aim of reducing the high mortality rate in children under five years, while greater awareness of the contamination risks associated with aflatoxins (toxic and carcinogenic substances) could boost the use of toxin-resistant varieties. The improved recipe also offers women the potential to improve family livelihoods by selling Equinut.

Download : 563 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/equinut-a-high-a-energy-weapon-fighting-malnutrition

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

Enhancing sorghum adaptation to low-phosphorous soils meets the needs of resource-poor women and men sorghum growers

Low phosphorus (P) soils are a major constraint to crop production in West and Central Africa (WCA). Although P-deficiency is known to reduce growth and delay maturity, sorghum is commonly cultivated in this zone with little or no fertilization due to farmers’ limited access to credit and fertilizers.

Download : 454 Kb

Link : Sorghum adaptation, Low-phosphorous soils

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

Leading the way to rural development in the Sahel

In the Sahelian countries of Africa, about 80% of the 100 million inhabitants live and work in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Poverty and vulnerability are severe in these areas, and in many cases are worsening for millions of people. Land degradation is one of the major causes of poverty and income inequalities in the Sahel. Other underlying factors are many – harsh climatic conditions, rapidly growing populations, prevalence of diseases and pests, poor development of infrastructure and markets, governance failures, conflicts, and more.

Download : 254 Kb

Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/955322-Inclusiveness-for-a-prosperous-and-food-secure-drylands/

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

West Africa: Time-traveling through future climates

West Africa is home to the hottest rainfed agricultural systems of the world. The region’s climates have been historically unpredictable, especially on inter-annual timescales, fuelling complex stress patterns through their interactions with soils and pests.

Download : 279 Kb

Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/955322-Inclusiveness-for-a-prosperous-and-food-secure-drylands/

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

The power of Green SIM

Last time, our whole groundnut crop was destroyed due to unexpected rain, but this season a voice message received on my mobile phone on weather forecast saved our crop as we were able to harvest three days ahead of the original harvest date. It saved us our season-long eff orts and hard work,” said Chandrakala, a woman farmer from Addakal, Mahbubnagar district in Telangana, India.

Download : 234 Kb

Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/955322-Inclusiveness-for-a-prosperous-and-food-secure-drylands/

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

Regaining ground for Malawis groundnut

Three decades of investment in groundnutresearch for development have moved smallholder farmers in Malawi from subsistence to inclusive market-oriented agriculture.

Download : 263 Kb

Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/955322-Inclusiveness-for-a-prosperous-and-food-secure-drylands/

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

Just a small dose will do

Inclusiveness is about bringing life-changing innovations to millions of smallholder farming families who have the biggest needs – techniques that are adapted to smallholder, resource-poor farmers. The President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Dr Kanayo Nwanze, speaking at the 6th Africa Agriculture Science Week opening ceremony in Accra, Ghana, said “We have seen good results from a fertlizer microdosing Just a small dose will do Philip Tshuma and his family proudly show extension agents their sorghum and pearl millet fields with microdosing application. technique developed by ICRISAT and its partners, using a bottle cap system so farmers can measure out small, aff ordable amounts of fertilizer.” Dr Nwanze believes that there is huge potenÆŸ al to increase yields using low-cost and existing technologies.

Download : 410 Kb

Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/955322-Inclusiveness-for-a-prosperous-and-food-secure-drylands/

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

Watershed management transforms lives

An inclusive and parcipatory integrated watershed management program has brought prosperity to the small rainfed village of Lucheba, China.

Download : 320 Kb

Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/955322-Inclusiveness-for-a-prosperous-and-food-secure-drylands/

Date: 31/Dec/2013

 
 

Faso Kaba: one womans vision for the business of seeds

In 2005, Mrs Ma mouna Sidibé Coulibaly, a secretary by training, had just returned from working for a seed company in the United States where she had dreamed of creating a label for her country’s seeds. More than that, she dreamed of creating a company that would produce, package and distribute high quality seeds in Mali.

Download : 1809 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/faso-kaba-one-womans-vision-for-the-business-of-seeds

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Contracts to help farmers step up to market-oriented agriculture by linking them to markets

Linking farmers to markets, particularly in the dryland areas, is critical to agricultural transformation, according to the scientists who conducted a study1 of the contractual preferences of grain producers in Niger and Nigeria. Farmers do not have easy access to inputs and product markets in the Sahelian countries. As a result of these missing input markets and lack of market opportunities for the main crops (sorghum, pearl millet and groundnut), there are few incentives to use modern technologies. Consequently, only a small amount of farmers’ production is traded. When assured of a ready market, farmers are willing to adopt supply-enhancing technologies and achieve more marketable surpluses.

Download : 521 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/ar-ICRISAT-2013.pdf

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Contracts to help farmers step up to market-oriented agriculture by linking them to markets

Linking farmers to markets, particularly in the dryland areas, is critical to agricultural transformation, according to the scientists who conducted a study1 of the contractual preferences of grain producers in Niger and Nigeria. Farmers do not have easy access to inputs and product markets in the Sahelian countries. As a result of these missing input markets and lack of market opportunities for the main crops (sorghum, pearl millet and groundnut), there are few incentives to use modern technologies. Consequently, only a small amount of farmers’ production is traded. When assured of a ready market, farmers are willing to adopt supply-enhancing technologies and achieve more marketable surpluses.

Download : 521 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/ar-ICRISAT-2013.pdf

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Made Bane Farmers Union of Falwel: moving beyond subsistence farming (French)

Poor soils, low rainfall and limited access to agricultural inputs have long made farming very difficult, inefficient and less attractive in Falwel, which lies 197 kilometers from Niger’s capital city Niamey and is heavily dependent on agriculture. Crop production here has been severely tested by several decades of climate change and severe drought. Access to improved seeds was a major problem and farmers grew a single and poorly-adapted local variety, which they called ’mil tardif’ or ’late maturing millet’, given its long cycle unsuitable for their region’s diminishing rainfall.

Download : 574 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/made-bane-farmers-union-of-falwel-moving-beyond-subsistence-farming-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Pearl millet seed producers grow themselves out of poverty (French)

The immediate visible benefits include children going to school for the first time thanks to profits from seed production, and a general rise in living standards in the village in southwestern Niger where male and female farmers have cooperated in growing new varieties and learning Certified Seed production and marketing methods. These activities are expected to increase during the United Nations (UN) International Year of Family Farming (IYFF 2014), which aims to stimulate policies for the sustainable development of farming families, communal units, indigenous groups, cooperatives and fishing families.

Download : 507 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/pearl-millet-seed-producers-grow-themselves-out-of-poverty-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Nigerian growers beat high temperatures with new dry-season groundnut varieties that satisfy market demand (French)

Not only are farmers, who have previously concentrated on vegetables, green maize and wheat, able to get worthwhile groundnut yields, they can also supply the market for maximum returns at a time of peak demand. The practice of dry season irrigation provides an important source of food, income and employment, and has expanded significantly over the last few years because of increasing demand for food and animal feed due to increasing population and pressure on land.

Download : 564 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/nigerian-growers-beat-high-temperatures-with-new-dryseason-groundnut-varieties-that-satisfy-market-demand-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Contracts to help farmers step up to market-oriented agriculture by linking them to markets (French)

Linking farmers to markets, particularly in the dryland areas, is critical to agricultural transformation, according to the scientists who conducted a study1 of the contractual preferences of grain producers in Niger and Nigeria. Farmers do not have easy access to inputs and product markets in the Sahelian countries. As a result of these missing input markets and lack of market opportunities for the main crops (sorghum, pearl millet and groundnut), there are few incentives to use modern technologies. Consequently, only a small amount of farmers’ production is traded. 

Download : 658 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/contracts-to-help-farmers-step-up-to-marketoriented-agriculture-by-linking-them-to-markets-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Visits and on-station activities 2013 (French)

A summary of visits and on-station activities during 2013 in West and Central Africa.

Download : 956 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/visits-and-onstation-activities-2013-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Visits and on-station activities 2013

A summary of visits and on-station activities during 2013 in West and Central Africa.

Download : 781 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/visits-and-on-station-activities-2013

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Strengthening seed producers organizations to become viable enterprises (French)

The two-year (2013–2015) project’s first planning workshop targeted at Sikasso was held on 8–10 October, when about 60 farmer members of producer associations and cooperatives met in Koutiala. The workshop served as a platform for exchange of experiences, clarifying roles and expectations of partners in the development of a viable and sustainable seed system, and refining strategies with stakeholders for wider use of improved seed and hybrids of sorghum and other associated crops.

Download : 623 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/strengthening-seed-producers-organizations-to-become-viable-enterprises-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Strengthening seed producers organizations to become viable enterprises

The two-year (2013–2015) project’s first planning workshop targeted at Sikasso was held on 8–10 October, when about 60 farmer members of producer associations and cooperatives met in Koutiala. The workshop served as a platform for exchange of experiences, clarifying roles and expectations of partners in the development of a viable and sustainable seed system, and refining strategies with stakeholders for wider use of improved seed and hybrids of sorghum and other associated crops.

Download : 624 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/strengthening-seed-producers-organizations-to-become-viable-enterprises

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Open Field Days in West and Central African Stations

On 3 October, 79 groundnut farmers (60 of them women) convened at ICRISAT’s Samanko station in Mali for a farmers’ field day. The group visited experimental and demonstration plots of improved groundnut varieties, showing keen interest to learn about quality seed production and new varieties, especially their resistance to foliar diseases and tolerance to drought and aflatoxin contamination.

Download : 570 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/open-field-days-in-west-and-central-african-stations

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Faso Kaba: one womans vision for the business of seeds (French)

In 2005, Mrs Ma mouna Sidibé Coulibaly, a secretary by training, had just returned from working for a seed company in the United States where she had dreamed of creating a label for her country’s seeds. More than that, she dreamed of creating a company that would produce, package and distribute high quality seeds in Mali.

Download : 679 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/faso-kaba-one-womans-vision-for-the-business-of-seeds-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Faso Kaba: one womans vision for the business of seeds

In 2005, Mrs Ma mouna Sidibé Coulibaly, a secretary by training, had just returned from working for a seed company in the United States where she had dreamed of creating a label for her country’s seeds. More than that, she dreamed of creating a company that would produce, package and distribute high quality seeds in Mali.

Download : 677 Kb

Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/ar-ICRISAT-2013.pdf

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Supporting women groundnut oil processors in Nigeria (French)

When considering how to improve the situation for women farmers, the focus often settles on farming issues such as land rights, training and access to better seeds and markets. But for many women, post-harvest chores entail a heavy work burden that needs to be relieved to improve their lives. Doing so could also improve their communities’ resilience to drier climates.

Download : 520 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/supporting-women-groundnut-oil-processors-in-nigeria-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Supporting women groundnut oil processors in Nigeria

ICRISAT-Kano in Nigeria, in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) supported a group of 25 women processors and seven male artisans on the use and maintenance of one such technology – the small-scale, groundnutoil-extraction and milling machine fabricated by Eng. Wada Dandago. After demonstrating the machine’s use and giving maintenance and troubleshooting tips, Eng. Dandago said that it would take about 10–15 minutes to extract the oil with the machine compared to two hours by manual extraction of the same amount of groundnuts.

Download : 506 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/supporting-women-groundnut-oil-processors-in-nigeria

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Lifes less of a grind for West African women (French)

When considering how to improve the situation for women farmers, the focus often settles on farming issues such as land rights, training and access to better seeds and markets. But for many women, post-harvest chores entail a heavy work burden that needs to be relieved to improve their lives. Doing so could also improve their communities’ resilience to drier climates.

Download : 444 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/lifes-less-of-a-grind-for-west-african-women-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Lifes less of a grind for West African women

When considering how to improve the situation for women farmers, the focus often settles on farming issues such as land rights, training and access to better seeds and markets. But for many women, post-harvest chores entail a heavy work burden that needs to be relieved to improve their lives. Doing so could also improve their communities’ resilience to drier climates.

Download : 466 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/lifes-less-of-a-grind-for-west-african-women

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

EQUINUT: a high-energy weapon fighting malnutrition (French)

This increases the chances of the bio-fortified food – Equinut – being acceptable and achieving its aim of reducing the high mortality rate in children under five years, while greater awareness of the contamination risks associated with aflatoxins (toxic and carcinogenic substances) could boost the use of toxin-resistant varieties. The improved recipe also offers women the potential to improve family livelihoods by selling Equinut.

Download : 97 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/equinut-a-highenergy-weapon-fighting-malnutrition-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Better diets for women and children begin at home (French)

Education and training underpin the success of the initiatives undertaken by the Africa Research In Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING) program and its various partners to stave off rural malnutrition, particularly in women and children under 5 years of age. Methods of fortifying and enriching porridges and sauces with familiar local crops and foodstuffs have been introduced to rural women and their communities in Mali.

Download : 652 Kb

Link : Exploring intensification options for mixed crop-livestock farms in southern Mali (French)

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Better diets for women and children begin at home

Education and training underpin the success of the initiatives undertaken by the Africa Research In Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING) program and its various partners to stave off rural malnutrition, particularly in women and children under 5 years of age. Methods of fortifying and enriching porridges and sauces with familiar local crops and foodstuffs have been introduced to rural women and their communities in Mali.

Download : 578 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/better-diets-for-women-and-children-begin-at-home

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Exploring intensification options for mixed crop-livestock farms in southern Mali (French)

Farmers are increasingly guiding scientists in the development of adaptive mixed crop farming systems through early local participation in trials. Cotton and livestock are primary sources of income for farmers in southern Mali while maize, sorghum and millet are the staple food crops. The farmers face diverse risks and need to adapt to a changing production context.

Download : 607 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/exploring-intensification-options-for-mixed-croplivestock-farms-in-southern-mali-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Exploring intensification options for mixed crop-livestock farms in southern Mali

Farmers are increasingly guiding scientists in the development of adaptive mixed crop farming systems through early local participation in trials. Cotton and livestock are primary sources of income for farmers in southern Mali while maize, sorghum and millet are the staple food crops. The farmers face diverse risks and need to adapt to a changing production context.

Download : 582 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/exploring-intensification-options-for-mixed-crop-livestock-farms-in-southern-mali

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Steady backroom work underpins breakthrough crop science (French)

Low phosphorus (P) soils are a major constraint to crop production in West and Central Africa (WCA). Although P-deficiency is known to reduce growth and delay maturity, sorghum is commonly cultivated in this zone with little or no fertilization due to farmers’ limited access to credit and fertilizers.

Download : 557 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/steady-backroom-work-underpins-breakthrough-crop-science-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Steady backroom work underpins breakthrough crop science

Low phosphorus (P) soils are a major constraint to crop production in West and Central Africa (WCA). Although P-deficiency is known to reduce growth and delay maturity, sorghum is commonly cultivated in this zone with little or no fertilization due to farmers’ limited access to credit and fertilizers.

Download : 542 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/steady-backroom-work-underpins-breakthrough-crop-science

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Enhancing sorghum adaptation to low-phosphorous soils meets the needs of resource-poor women and men sorghum growers (French)

Low phosphorus (P) soils are a major constraint to crop production in West and Central Africa (WCA). Although P-deficiency is known to reduce growth and delay maturity, sorghum is commonly cultivated in this zone with little or no fertilization due to farmers’ limited access to credit and fertilizers.

Download : 494 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/enhancing-sorghum-adaptation-to-lowphosphorous-soils-meets-the-needs-of-resourcepoor-women-and-men-sorghum-growers-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Getting the word out and reaching farmers via Community Radio (French)

By synchronizing with the farming calendar, local radio stations such as Radio Ibero Guinda in Falwel, Niger, have been used by the Made Bane Farmers’ Union to broadcast programs to reach the maximum number of farmers. Simply by following these radio programs, many farmers have gained knowledge on integrated soil fertility management options and the use of improved varieties and best farming practices.

Download : 535 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/getting-the-word-out-and-reaching-farmers-via-community-radio-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Getting the word out and reaching farmers via Community Radio

By synchronizing with the farming calendar, local radio stations such as Radio Ibero Guinda in Falwel, Niger, have been used by the Made Bane Farmers’ Union to broadcast programs to reach the maximum number of farmers. Simply by following these radio programs, many farmers have gained knowledge on integrated soil fertility management options and the use of improved varieties and best farming practices.

Download : 523 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/getting-the-word-out-and-reaching-farmers-via-community-radio

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Investment in women is an investment in the entire community

Kouli Djibo, also from Falwel village, has a lifechanging tale. “Previously, I could barely get 50 head-bundles of millet,” says this millet, cowpea and sesame producer. “But thanks to the knowledge I acquired during farmers’ field schools and testing trials, I am now able to harvest 100–120 millet head-bundles per hectare.”

Download : 489 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/investment-in-women-is-an-investment-in-the-entire-community

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Investment in women is an investment in the entire community (French)

Kouli Djibo, also from Falwel village, has a lifechanging tale. “Previously, I could barely get 50 head-bundles of millet,” says this millet, cowpea and sesame producer. “But thanks to the knowledge I acquired during farmers’ field schools and testing trials, I am now able to harvest 100–120 millet head-bundles per hectare.”

Download : 483 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/investment-in-women-is-an-investment-in-the-entire-community-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Bright perspectives: a seed business can make you rich! (French)

Thirty-five-year-old Yacouba Tanda was trained in improved seed production techniques and soil fertility management options that have helped him to cultivate seven hectares of seed of an improved millet variety. “I’ve learnt the techniques of quality seed production and marketing,” he says. “I also learned to operate a farming account, which I could not do before. I can plan my seasonal activities properly, take stock of the situation and calculate in advance the return on investment per hectare.”

Download : 638 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/bright-perspectives-a-seed-business-can-make-you-rich-french

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Bright perspectives: a seed business can make you rich!

Thirty-five-year-old Yacouba Tanda was trained in improved seed production techniques and soil fertility management options that have helped him to cultivate seven hectares of seed of an improved millet variety. “I’ve learnt the techniques of quality seed production and marketing,” he says. “I also learned to operate a farming account, which I could not do before. I can plan my seasonal activities properly, take stock of the situation and calculate in advance the return on investment per hectare.”

Download : 623 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/bright-perspectives-a-seed-business-can-make-you-rich

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Made Bane Farmers Union of Falwel: moving beyond subsistence farming

Poor soils, low rainfall and limited access to agricultural inputs have long made farming very difficult, inefficient and less attractive in Falwel, which lies 197 kilometers from Niger’s capital city Niamey and is heavily dependent on agriculture. Crop production here has been severely tested by several decades of climate change and severe drought. Access to improved seeds was a major problem and farmers grew a single and poorly-adapted local variety, which they called ’mil tardif’ or ’late maturing millet’, given its long cycle unsuitable for their region’s diminishing rainfall.

Download : 573 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/made-bane-farmers-union-of-falwel-moving-beyond-subsistence-farming

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Pearl millet seed producers grow themselves out of poverty

The immediate visible benefits include children going to school for the first time thanks to profits from seed production, and a general rise in living standards in the village in southwestern Niger where male and female farmers have cooperated in growing new varieties and learning Certified Seed production and marketing methods. These activities are expected to increase during the United Nations (UN) International Year of Family Farming (IYFF 2014), which aims to stimulate policies for the sustainable development of farming families, communal units, indigenous groups, cooperatives and fishing families.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/pearl-millet-seed-producers-grow-themselves-out-of-poverty

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Nigerian growers beat high temperatures with new dry-season groundnut varieties that satisfy market demand

Not only are farmers, who have previously concentrated on vegetables, green maize and wheat, able to get worthwhile groundnut yields, they can also supply the market for maximum returns at a time of peak demand. The practice of dry season irrigation provides an important source of food, income and employment, and has expanded significantly over the last few years because of increasing demand for food and animal feed due to increasing population and pressure on land.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/nigerian-growers-beat-high-temperatures-with-new-dry-season-groundnut-varieties-that-satisfy-market-demand

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Contracts to help farmers step up to market-oriented agriculture by linking them to markets

Linking farmers to markets, particularly in the dryland areas, is critical to agricultural transformation, according to the scientists who conducted a study1 of the contractual preferences of grain producers in Niger and Nigeria. Farmers do not have easy access to inputs and product markets in the Sahelian countries. As a result of these missing input markets and lack of market opportunities for the main crops (sorghum, pearl millet and groundnut), there are few incentives to use modern technologies. Consequently, only a small amount of farmers’ production is traded. 

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/locations/wca/ar-ICRISAT-2013.pdf

Date: 30/Dec/2013

 
 

Seed systems in sub-Saharan Africa

As commercial agriculture grows in importance, seed systems need to deliver high-quality seed of a range of crops and varieties that suit both the consumption needs of the rural population and market demands of agro-processors. With increasing commercialization of African agriculture, the balance between these two needs is expected to shift toward the demands of market-responsive processors and distributors.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#17

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Open access repository

Open access provides free, immediate and permanent online access to the full text of peer-reviewed research documents for anyone, webwide, without any severe restrictions on use. It has had a great influence on science and scholarship. Open access to research information related to agriculture is critical as it has the power to promote greater distribution of knowledge and enhances the potential for innovation.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#16

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Hybrid Parents Research Consortium

Crop improvement programs at ICRISAT work with partners to develop improved cultivars, including varieties, hybrids and hybrid parents that have potential for increased yields of grain and/or fodder on farmers’ fields, leading to enhanced crop productivity and production. These partners include national agricultural research systems (NARS), advanced research institutes (ARIs) in developing and developed countries, public and private sector seed companies and farmers.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#15

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Genetic resources for food security

The RS Paroda Genebank at ICRISAT’s headquarters in Patancheru, India, is one of the world’s largest repositories of genetic resources of its mandate crops, and at present conserves more than 120,000 accessions from 144 countries. From this facility, ICRISAT engages in the assembly, conservation, maintenance, characterization, evaluation, documentation and distribution of germplasm of its mandate crops – sorghum, pearl millet, chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut and their wild relatives; and six small millets – finger millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet, little millet and proso millet.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#14

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Sweet sorghum

In the wake of steeply rising fossil fuel prices, interest in biofuels has grown worldwide. In addition to the leading biofuel feedstocks such as sugarcane, sugarbeet, cassava, rapeseed and maize grain, alternatives are emerging to help meet mandated blending requirements. Alternatives are also needed in the tropics and sub-tropics because some crops, such as sugarcane, require about a year to grow and need large quantities of water and fertilizers; sugarbeet demands a cooler climate, and is water and nutrient thirsty; and maize requires significant quantities of water and nutrients.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#13

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Extra-early pearl millet hybrid

Pearl millet hybrids have shown a 25 to 30% grain yield advantage over open-pollinated varieties, leading the national agricultural research system and a large number of private seed companies in India to develop an interest in breeding and marketing hybrid cultivars. As a result, hybrid development has been the major thrust of pearl millet breeding programs in India over the past 25 years, supported by hybrid parents breeding research at ICRISAT.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#12

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Guinea-race sorghum hybrids

Sorghum varieties belonging to the Guinea-race combine high grain quality with excellent adaptation for major parts of the Sudanian zone of West and Central Africa. Despite their exceptional yield stability, however, yield levels rarely exceed 2 t ha-1 in farmers’ fields.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#11

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Pigeonpea genome

Pigeonpea is an important crop in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America, grown on nearly 5 million hectares worldwide. It is the world’s sixth most important food legume crop. Despite its importance for food security in the world’s poorest regions, it has been under-researched in the past. Biotic and abiotic stresses have widened the large gap between its potential yield (more than 3.5 t ha-1) and those obtained in farmers’ fields (750 kg ha-1). 

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#10

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Pigeonpea in Eastern and Southern Africa

Until recently, farmers in Africa were unable to fully exploit pigeonpea’s potential because local varieties were low-yielding, late-maturing and susceptible to pests and diseases. Small-seeded varieties failed to meet market requirements; market linkages were underdeveloped; and farmers could not access seed of improved varieties because of poor input and technology delivery systems.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#9

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Hybrid pigeonpea

Over the past 50 years, pigeonpea productivity has remained low (750 kg ha-1) despite the release of several new varieties. At the same time, global production (3.5 million tons) has fallen short of ever-rising demand.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#8

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Early maturing chickpea

Chickpea is currently grown in more than 50 countries under a wide range of environmental conditions and cropping systems. Chickpea phenology (time to flowering, podding and maturity) is an important component of crop adaptation. Crop maturity in chickpea ranges from 80 to 180 days depending on genotype, soil moisture, time of sowing, latitude and altitude. In two thirds of chickpea growing areas, however, the growing season is short (90–120 days) because of the risk of extreme drought or high temperatures at the end of the season (the pod filling stage of the crop).

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#7

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Drought-tolerant groundnut

Anantapur is a drought-prone district in the rain shadow area of Andhra Pradesh, India. Although it is subject to frequent droughts and crop failures, over 70% of the cultivated area in the district (0.8–1.0 million hectares) is sown to groundnut each year. Smallholdings of less than 3 hectares occupy 60% of the district, which is the largest groundnut growing area in the world. Soils in the district are predominantly light textured, gravelly, shallow alfisols with depths varying between 30 and 60 cm.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#6

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Aflatoxin testing kit

Agricultural products are often invaded by fungi that can produce poisonous substances called mycotoxins. Among mycotoxins, aflatoxins produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus, occur globally. Aflatoxin B1 is the most prevalent and toxic form within this group of closely related compounds.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#5

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Village Level Studies

Too often, the voices of the poor are muted and do not resonate in agricultural statistics and policy decisions because reliable and timely data on the consequences of change for the rural poor are not available. Understanding village and household dynamics, the economic, social, political and institutional drivers affecting rural household welfare, and the role of women and men in agriculture is at the core of research for development.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#4

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Fertilizer microdosing

Land degradation affects more than half of Africa, leading to estimated losses of $42 billion in income and 5 million hectares of productive land each year. Crop yields are low as a result of poor farming techniques, nutrient deficiency and lack of water, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Farmers are unable to invest in fertilizer, triggering a cycle of soil nutrient depletion, low productivity and hunger.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#3

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

Community-based integrated watershed management

Improved access to water means more than just survival in the dryland tropics. In these poverty hot spots, agriculture is a major challenge for smallholder farmers, with a scarce water supply compounded by degraded natural resources and low crop yields. Drawing on 35 years of research, ICRISAT and its partners have developed a model of community-based watershed management consortia that bring together institutions from public sector research, civil society and farming communities to share their knowledge in an equitable and efficient manner, and implement multidisciplinary activities at a landscape level.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/icrisat-jewels.htm#2

Date: 10/Oct/2012

 
 

ICRISAT-HOPE sharply increases sorghum yields in Maharashtra, India

HOPE has become reality for 25,000 farmers in dryland Marathwada and Western Maharashtra regions of the state of Maharashtra, known as the ‘Sorghum Bowl of India’. Initial assessments indicate that their grain yields rose by 40% and fodder yields by 20% on average over the past three seasons (2010-2012) due to improved sorghum varieties and crop management practices, along with improved market linkages. About half of these farmers operate on a very small scale, with landholding size of two hectares or less. Net income (the income that farmers retain after their costs of cultivation are paid for) has increased by 50%, to an average of US$78 per hectare of sorghum grown.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/newsroom/news-releases/icrisat-pr-2012-media10.htm

Date: 06/Jul/2012

 
 

Shelling groundnuts made easier

ICRISAT’s strategy of inclusive market-oriented development (IMOD) was in motion during a recent visit by a team from ICRISAT-Lilongwe and the Eastern Province Farmers’ Cooperative Ltd (EPFC) to Kabunda village to solicit farmers’ opinion on a groundnut shelling machine.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/shelling-groundnuts-made-easier

Date: 06/Jul/2012

 
 

Women farmers in development

The women of Wakoro, Mali used to grow groundnuts without much success until Mariam Coulibaly from a village in the Dioila district and four other women visited the ICRISAT station at Samanko, Mali in 2001. They were impressed by three varieties that were growing there, and were given one kg seed of each variety. In 2002, the women planted the seed in 10x10 meter plots and shared the seeds they harvested with other women in the village. Impressed with the yields and earliness of the varieties, Mariam requested the village chief to allocate a larger piece of land to them to multiply the varieties.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/373799-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2011

Date: 31/Dec/2011

 
 

Boosting livelihoods through Bhoochetana

Hevikere Nagappa, a farmer in the village of Alur of Davanagere District in Karnataka state, India, has been cultivating groundnut on his quarter hectare of rainfed farmland. His average yield of 1.5 t ha-1 was nothing to talk about, but when his farm yielded a bumper crop of 4 t ha-1 in the 2011 cropping season that brought in an additional income of Rs 67,500 (US$ 1350), he was featured in the local newspaper.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/373799-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2011

Date: 31/Dec/2011

 
 

HOPE in Northwestern India

eera Ram Chaudhry (Heerji) of Aagolai village in western Rajasthan chuckled and said with pride, “No sir, we don’t stop for lunch, the Sogra (fl at bread of pearl millet) we eat for breakfast is enough to last us till the evening”. Heerji and his fellow farmers grow and eat pearl millet as a staple. The cereal is packed with healthy nutrients and can indeed sustain hunger for hours longer than other foods.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/373799-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2011

Date: 31/Dec/2011

 
 

A ray of HOPE in Sub-Saharan Africa

News! Field agents from seven unions of the farmer organizations Mooriben and FUMAGaskiya participate in a training program in Dantchiandou, Niger on improving organic fertilizer using a composting technique.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/373799-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2011

Date: 31/Dec/2011

 
 

Employing the gems among the genes

Beatrice Komen smiled again. It had taken her four years to fi nally reap a harvest so satisfying. Beatrice and fellow farmers of the Baringo district in the Rift Valley of Kenya are of course unaware of the long chain of events that resulted in their bountiful harvests. Prior to this, scientists in Ethiopia, Malawi and Tanzania conducted chickpea trials to test and select the best varieties for these regions. Intense research and testing was also taking place more than 5000 km away in Patancheru, India and in other laboratories across the world. The farmers are just grateful to the fi nal link in the chain of events, the Egerton University, which provided them with the high quality seeds and advice that resulted in livelihood-saving harvests of chickpea during the offseason.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/373799-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2011

Date: 31/Dec/2011

 
 

Leading a legacy of legumes

“Iwould never have thought chickpea could bring me such high returns,” says 50-year-old Temegnush Dhabi in her grain store fi lled with bags of recently harvested chickpeas. “From 1.5 hectares, I harvested 42 bags (about 4 tons) of grain.”

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/373799-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2011

Date: 31/Dec/2011

 
 

The brilliance of genome sequencing

The integration of genomic tools in plant breeding is becoming routine, resulting in the more rapid development of superior crops. However, for most of the ICRISAT mandate crops, genomics-assisted breeding is still at an early stage. This is mostly due to limited genomic information and a poor understanding of the inheritance (genes, alleles, interactions, and regulation of these) underlying agronomic performance, product quality and tolerance/resistance to important abiotic and biotic stresses. In 2000, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana L.) was the fi rst plant to have its genome sequenced. Since then, genome sequencing has progressed rapidly and several economically important crops have been sequenced – rice (2005), poplar (2006), grape (2007), papaya (2008), sorghum, maize and cucumber (2009), soybean (2010), and pigeonpea and strawberry (2011).

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/373799-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2011

Date: 31/Dec/2011

 
 

Watersheds: Wishing-wells for women

Women in poor farm households of the semiarid tropics most often live lives of secondclass citizens. Uneducated and without property, they are subservient to their men folk. In the drought-prone areas of these tropics, watersheds are recognized as entry points to reduce poverty, increase food security, protect the environment, and most importantly enhance the benefits of women.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/136420-Inclusive-Market-oriented-Development

Date: 31/Dec/2010

 
 

Now healthy, wealthy and wise

Contrary to its exotic, holiday resort-sounding name, the Lakeshore District of Salima in Malawi has been home to poverty stricken farmers for decades. The district gets a paltry 300 mm average rainfall a year, people here are constantly faced with food insecurity, and malnourished children under the age of five are a common sight. The plights of the surrounding districts, Balaka, Chikwawa and Mangochi, are much the same.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/136420-Inclusive-Market-oriented-Development

Date: 31/Dec/2010

 
 

From relief to resilience

These days, life is a little bit easier for Emilia Marufu, a 41-year old widow living in Macharaga Village in Masvingo, Zimbabwe. In 2009/10 Marufu grew enough maize to feed herself and her two children. She also didn’t need to work in her neighbor’s fields to earn cash that would enable her to supplement what she grew with store-bought maize meal. In fact, Marufu used the extra time to work on her vegetable garden, which has now become her most important source of cash. “I’ve bought two goats with the money from my fields,” she says

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/136420-Inclusive-Market-oriented-Development

Date: 31/Dec/2010

 
 

A "C-Change" in Southern India

Duttala Narayana Reddy, a chickpea farmer and head of a household of 10, is a contented man. Along with his neighbors in Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh, southern India, he is reaping the vast benefits of the chickpea revolution that triggered significant improvements in the living standards of farmers in nearly 100 villages of the district.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/136420-Inclusive-Market-oriented-Development

Date: 31/Dec/2010

 
 

Brain and brawn belie bad soil

Human beings inhabit a great range of environments; they are found in the coldest and hottest of climates, in lush green surroundings and in the driest tropics of the world – and still manage to survive

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/136420-Inclusive-Market-oriented-Development

Date: 31/Dec/2010

 
 

Nourishment from NutriPlus

Food is one of our basic needs and pleasures. Everyone needs food, and the better the food, the better is our health and nutrition. The NutriPlus Knowledge Center (NutriPlus) is the latest initiative of the Agri-Science Park@ ICRISAT. NutriPlus activities are geared towards meeting the mandate of ICRISAT in nutritional security and poverty alleviation. NutriPlus offers a world class facility with services to support new ventures in the development of high value food products. The aim is to enhance the excellence of the food industry through innovative research and development, technology, marketing and allied services.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

Assessing the watersheds of China and India

Agriculture depends on water, and for farmers in the semi-arid or dry regions, access to water takes on the nature of a lifeline. These farmers often must rely only on rainwater for food production as irrigation from other sources is either very difficult or impossible to obtain. Watersheds can provide such a lifeline.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

The West Africa Seed Alliance (WASA)

Agriculture is an integral part of the West African economy and an important lever for economic development, poverty alleviation and increasing rural incomes.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

Understanding the drivers of development

What better way to understand the livelihoods of the people we serve, the smallholder farmers of the semi-arid tropics, than by meeting them face-to-face and getting first-hand information about the forces that shape their lives and fortunes? And why do we need to understand? It is because knowledge about rural economies can help us determine where we need to focus efforts in order to bring about development and improvement.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

Stalking striga the cereal killer

Purple witchweed ... the very name has a mysterious, menacing ring to it. This is the common name of Striga hermonthica, the dreaded parasitic weed that infects and feeds on the roots of cereal crops and wild grasses, and commonly referred to as Striga.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

Pearl millet diversity in West Africa

Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] is a highly stress-tolerant staple cereal grain for the hottest, driest regions of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. West and Central Africa (WCA) is the primary centre of origin and diversity for pearl millet. The picture above illustrates the tremendous diversity of local pearl millets in WCA for panicle characters, representing also different ecotypes. As all these ecotypes are cultivated in WCA, the picture also illustrates the diversity of farmer preferences, and that there is no ‘one size fits all’ regarding farmer-preferred pearl millet cultivars in WCA.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

Orphan legume crops are NOT orphan anymore!

Legumes are the third largest family among flowering plants, accounting for 27% of the world’s crop production, with grain legumes (eg, beans, chickpea, groundnut, lentils, peas, peanut/groundnut) alone contributing 33% of the dietary protein needs of humans. Grain legumes are also a rich source of essential vitamins, minerals and important amino acids. Grain and forage legumes are grown on some 190 million hectares, and their production is about 300 million metric tons globally.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

Bioinformatics tools for molecular breeding

Over the past few decades, major advances in the field of information technology coupled with advances in genomic technologies, have led to more efficient applications of genomics in crop improvement programs. Today, large and complex sets of data are being routinely generated. Bioinformatics tools for the capture, curation, integration and analysis of these large volumes of data are therefore a necessity for increased efficiency and improved quality within the molecular breeding process.

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Link : http://www.youblisher.com/p/36690-ICRISAT-Annual-Report-2009/

Date: 31/Dec/2009

 
 

Delicacies from a degraded land

The Sahel, south of the Sahara in northwestern Africa, has a very hostile environment. High temperatures and intense soil-eroding rains are its trademark. The acid sandy soil is nutrient poor with very low organic carbon content. In these harsh conditions, 60 million poor people need to live and grow food.

Download : 135 Kb

Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/delicacies-from-a-degraded-land

Date: 31/Dec/2008

 
 

Health checks for soils

In the semi-arid tropical (SAT) regions of India, rainfed agriculture is greatly infl uenced by water shortages caused by low, highly variable and erratic rainfall. In addition to water shortage, crop productivity in these regions is also aff ected by low soil fertility. In the past, little eff ort was devoted to diagnosing and managing the nutrient-related problems in farmers’ fi elds. The on-going integrated watershed management program by ICRISAT and its partners provided the opportunity to diagnose the soil infertility-related problems by soil testing; and to develop nutrient management protocols and determine on-farm crop responses to fertilization in the SAT zone of India.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/health-checks-for-soils

Date: 31/Dec/2008

 
 

Rooting around for answers

Why a quantum leap in root research? Much has been reported on the potential of roots to improve crop yield and resilience under drought. However, most studies on roots have used time consuming methods to extricate roots from soil and assess the diff erences in length and density. This has limited their use in breeding because of a relatively low throughput, and fairly large experimental errors. Furthermore, the information on roots harvested at a single point in time only provides a snapshot of the roots at that particular time, ie, “static” data, which cannot help in defi ning the exact role of roots. Previously, it was assumed that deeper/more profuse roots would contribute to higher water uptake and then to higher yield. Yet, the relation between rooting and water uptake remains controversial.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/rooting-around-for-answers

Date: 31/Dec/2008

 
 

Keeping the good, while targeting the bad

Appetite suppressant: In 2008, insect-resistant transgenic crops expressing genes from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) that control specifi c insect pests are being grown on some 40 million hectares in 25 countries. These insectresistant crops have been deployed successfully for the management of bollworms in cotton, and corn earworm and stem borers in maize – insect species that feed on many crops, including the ICRISAT mandate crops like chickpea, pigeonpea and sorghum, and cause considerable damage in farmers’ fi elds.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/keeping-the-good-while-targeting-the-bad

Date: 31/Dec/2008

 
 

Whole genome sequences, what do they tell us?

In next few years there will be a fl urry of published reports about sequencing of the “complete” genomes of many organisms. What is this all about? How long until we can apply this information to the breeding of new crop varieties that can help poor people in the semi-arid tropics?

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/whole-genome-sequences-what-do-they-tell-us

Date: 31/Dec/2008

 
 

Genebank: Investing in the future

RS Paroda Genebank: In 2006, ICRISAT published a book titled Genes are Gems (unrelated to genebanks); but if genes are gems, then what better place to store them than in a bank?! ICRISAT’s RS Paroda Genebank located on the campus at Patancheru, India is one of the largest genebanks in the CGIAR system, holding more than 119,000 accessions of its fi ve mandate crops and six small millets from 144 countries. Ninety percent of these accessions are conserved under long term storage (at -20o C). To provide easy access to such a large number of accessions, detailed information about each accession is stored in a database and can be accessed through SINGER, the germplasm/data exchange network of the CGIAR on the Internet.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/genebank-investing-in-the-future

Date: 31/Dec/2008

 
 

Weather-proofing for a warmer world

Climate change predictions point to a warmer world within the next 50 years, a trend that is increasingly being supported by ‘on-the-ground’ measurements. However, the impact of rising temperatures on rainfall distribution patterns in the semi-arid tropics (SAT) of Africa and Asia remains far less certain.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/weather-proofing-for-a-warmer-world

Date: 31/Dec/2008

 
 

A story of six villages

To improve the livelihoods of poor farmers in the semi-arid tropics we have to study their lifestyles before making knowledgeable decisions about development pathways. ICRISAT did this through a program called Village Level Studies (VLS).

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/a-story-of-six-villages

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

Reclamation of saline acid soils in Senegal

Salinity is a big threat to agriculture and the environment of Senegal in West Africa. In this country one can distinguish three separate processes of salinization

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/reclamation-of-saline-acid-soils-in-senegal

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

Stifling striga with stronger sorghum

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is the 5th most important cereal crop worldwide. The plant is mainly cultivated in dryland areas of Africa and Asia, and also in the Americas. Average grain yields range from 800 kg ha-1 in Africa to 3400 kg ha-1 in America. Parasitic weeds of the genus Striga are the major biotic constraint to agricultural production in sub-Saharan Africa. Striga hermonthica and Striga asiatica parasitize mainly cereals. Yield losses can, especially in the presence of additional drought stress, attain 100%. In comparison with chemical, mechanical and biological Striga control methods, the cultivation of crop cultivars resistant to Striga is of particular advantage to farmers, since it does not require specifi c investments in materials or labor.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/stifling-striga-with-stronger-sorghum

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

Multiplying the mycotoxin laboratories

Mycotoxins are fungal poisons that contaminate up to 25% of human food and causes losses ranging from $0.5 to 1.5 billion in the USA alone. Among various mycotoxins, afl atoxins, produced by Aspergillus fl avus and A. parasiticus, occur globally. Research reports indicate that afl atoxin contamination is widespread in staple crops such as groundnut, maize, sorghum, pearl millet, chillies, pistachio, cassava, and even in milk from animals fed with contaminated feed.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/multiplying-the-mycotoxin-laboratories

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

Commercialization of pigeonpea spells prosperity

Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is one of the most important food crops grown in eastern and southern Africa. Farmers love this crop for many reasons – tolerance to drought, important source of protein for the family, vital source of scarce cash, and provider of fodder for livestock. Pigeonpea fi xes soil nitrogen, allowing the poor farmers to improve soil fertility without expensive chemical fertilizers. Farmers have evolved elaborate intercropping systems allowing them to plant pigeonpea with maize, sorghum and other cereals making it highly suited to semi-arid, low soil fertility areas.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/commercialization-of-pigeonpea-spells-prosperity

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

The making of the micronutrient-rich pearl millet

According to a WHO report of 2002, micronutrient malnutrition, resulting from defi ciency of important minerals such as iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), is a massive global problem, affl icting over 3 billion people worldwide (over half the world’s population), mostly women, infants and children in resourcepoor families of the developing countries. Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) is a major warm-season cereal grown on 26 million ha in some of the most marginal arid and semi-arid tropical environments of Asia and Africa. Pearl millet is a nutritious cereal with high levels of protein (12%), energy (3600 K cal kg-1 grain) and a balanced amino acid profi le – a major source of dietary energy for more than 90 million people in these environments and the cheapest source of grain Fe and Zn.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/the-making-of-the-micronutrient-rich-pearl-millet

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

TV dinners for livestock?

Poor livestock keepers in the semi-arid tropics point to feed shortages as one of their biggest animal production constraints. Crop residues provide fodder from the cropping system without need for additional resources such as arable land and water, as is often the case with planted forages. Crop residues already constitute over 40% of India’s feed resources, and their importance is likely to increase

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/tv-dinners-for-livestock

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

Managing blast in finger millet

Blast (Magnaporthe grisea), the most serious and widely spread disease of fi nger millet, affects the crop at all growth stages. It causes lesions and premature drying of young leaves. Blast can also affect the whole panicle or just a few fi ngers, preventing the grain from setting or causing the seeds to shrivel. Though farmers are aware of the disease and its impacts on fi nger millet productivity, none of them know of an effi cient coping strategy. The use of cultural (uprooting and burning infected plants) and chemical options to mitigate the effects of blast, though plausible, is limited by effi ciency and cost implications.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/managing-blast-in-finger-millet

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

Pursuing the super-early chickpea

Chickpea [Cicer arietinum] is grown in over fi fty countries in a wide range of environments and cropping systems. An important component to be considered for crop adaptation to the different environments is phenology (the time to fl owering, podding and maturity). Chickpea can mature in a wide timeframe ranging from 80 to 180 days depending on the genotype, growing conditions and environment.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/pursuing-the-super-early-chickpea

Date: 31/Dec/2007

 
 

Capacity building for impact

In January 2005, ICRISAT joined a forum organized by the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and a number of Indian State Agricultural Universities (SAU) to consider the importance of open and distance learning in agriculture. ICRISAT’s experience in using advanced learning and content management systems was shared with the group, and subsequent engagement and dialogue with the partners continued intensively. By late 2005, ICRISAT was invited by five SAUs to organize a special workshop for them on learning management systems (LMS).

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/capacity-building-for-impact

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Reviving the think-tank in West Africa

Agriculture in Niger (one of the poorest nations) is the main source of livelihood accounting for 38% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 94% of labor force. About 62% of households live below the poverty line (less than US$1 per/day). Despite donor and government investments in R&D during the last 30 years, the aggregate impacts of agricultural research in Niger are limited, and food insecurity remains widespread. There is a need to reassess agricultural research priorities and development interventions to transform the agricultural sector.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/reviving-the-think-tank-in-west-africa

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Rainfed rabi cropping in rice fallows of Eastern India

South Asia is one of the major rice-producing regions of the world, where about 50 million hectares (ha) are covered with this crop. Much of this area is under a single crop per year, usually rainy season rice, and no crop is grown after the rains, due mainly to lack of irrigation. Despite the growing population and increasing demands for food production in South Asia, there is little scope for expanding the crop area, as there is no area left. A practical solution therefore is to intensify the cropping and increase the yields on the existing agricultural lands.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/rainfed-rabi-cropping-in-rice-fallows-of-eastern-india

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Led by light in West Africa

Living organisms use day-length to synchronize their daily and seasonal activities. Photoperiod-sensitivity is a spectacular expression of this phenomenon affecting reproduction, daily leaf movements or seasonal stem growth, dormancy and leaf fall.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/led-by-light-in-west-africa

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

An alternative to groundnut is a better groundnut

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) ranks 6th among oilseed crops and 13th among the food crops of the world. In addition to providing high quality edible oil (48–50%), easily digestible protein (26–28%), nearly half of the 13 essential vitamins and 7 of the 20 essential minerals necessary for normal human growth, it produces high quality fodder for livestock. It thus plays a significant role in the livelihoods of marginalfarmers through income and nutritional security. Groundnut is grown on 26.4 million ha worldwide with a total production of 36.1 million metric tons (FAOSTAT data, 2004).

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Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Turning data into knowledge : The impacts of bioinformatics

Scientists in ICRISAT’s Global Theme on Harnessing Biotechnology for the Poor employ a range of modern genomic technologies in their efforts to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of crop improvement. A critical rate-limiting step in genomics is no longer data generation, but rather the speed at which data is captured, validated, analyzed and turned into useful knowledge.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/turning-data-into-knowledge-the-impacts-of-bioinformatics

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Protecting our research products

Rainfed agriculture accounts for 90% of annual food production in sub-Saharan Africa and many of the regions poorest and most vulnerable people depend on it for their livelihoods. However, climate (rainfall) variability largely defines production uncertainty. Farmers coping with such climate variability have adopted strategies that reduce the negative impacts in poor years but fail to exploit the good years for higher productivity.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/protecting-our-research-products

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Integrating MAS and conventional breeding for downy mildew resistance

Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is grown for grain and stover in the hottest and driest areas of Africa and south Asia. In India, at least 70% of the 9 m ha sown to this crop is genetically uniform single-cross hybrids, which are particularly vulnerable to downy mildew (DM) disease caused by the pseudo-fungus Sclerospora graminicola. DM is the most important pearl millet disease, causing national production losses up to 30% during epidemics.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/integrating-mas-and-conventional-breeding-for-downy-mildew-resistance

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Protecting our research products

Not long ago, ICRISAT signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) with the European Patent Office (EPO) based in the Hague, Netherlands. This MoA enables ICRISAT to disseminate knowledge of its research products in the EPO’s Non-Patent Literature (NPL), which is in line with ICRISAT’s strategy of making its intellectual property rights (IPRs) “prior art”, approved by its Governing Board in September 2004 (“prior art” is the legal term used for all previous inventions in the field of an invention for which a patent is being sought. Prior art is used by the Patent Office to decide whether the invention is sufficiently unique and nonintuitive to qualify for patent protection).

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/protecting-our-research-products-71794696

Date: 31/Dec/2006

 
 

Media workshops: Demystifying biotechnology

In the past 10 years, genetically modified (GM) crops have generated active media interest. There have been news and feature stories hailing GM crops as the greatest technological gift to world agriculture juxtaposed with media reports referring to GM crops as “Frankenfoods”. There have also been stories that straddled the middle ground, quoting proponents and opponents of the technology.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/media-workshops-demystifying-biotechnology

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

Sorghum : linking farmer, feed-manufacturer, fellow scientists and fowl

Traditional sorghum grown in the rainy season is often vulnerable to grain mold attack, making it unfit for human consumption. But with improved sorghum cultivars that are less susceptible to molds, all would not be lost. Also, grain harvested in the rainy season can still fetch a profit from the brewing industry (whiskey), and at a more basic level, from the poultry feed industry, which is growing at a rate of 15-20% per annum.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/sorghum-linking-farmer-feed-manufacturer-fellow-scientists-and-fowl

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

Prospering with peas and peanuts

About 90% of the land in southern China is covered with mountains, which lack vegetative cover, leading to soil erosion and frequent landslides. Each year tons of topsoil and valuable nutrients are lost and such areas have become unfit for agriculture. This problem has bothered the Chinese Government for years, but with the introduction of two ICRISAT crops, pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] and groundnut, (aka peanuts) [Arachis hypogaea (L.)], new signs of prosperity from agricultural lands are greatly evident in China.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/prospering-with-peas-and-peanuts

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

Managing mother earth in east and Central Africa

Agricultural research and development experiences in Asia, especially through the work of ICRISAT in India, can provide answers to most of the natural resource challenges being faced in East and Central Africa (ECA). ICRISAT in partnership with the Soil and Water Management Research Network (SWMnet) of the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) is working towards exploiting this potential.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/managing-mother-earth-in-east-and-central-africa

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

Village seed banks spark farmer-participation

Investments by ICRISAT and partners have resulted in the development of a broad range of varieties. But, farmers have little access to seed of improved varieties, as the formal sector is unable to meet their needs. The private sector is not keen either. Is there a sustainable method to get past this bottleneck?

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/village-seed-banks-spark-farmer-participation

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

Relief, development, or both?

Governments, research institutes, development agencies, donors… everyone struggles when they have to choose between relief and development. Where should their priorities lie? Short-term interventions to rescue communities affected by natural disasters such as drought? Or development investments (capacity building, markets etc) that will give bigger pay-offs, but only in the long term?

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/what-we-do/publications/annual-reports/icrisat-annualreport-2005.pdf

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

Hagaz, the halcyon hybrid

Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is grown for grain and stover in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Africa and the Indian sub-continent. In Eritrea, pearl millet is the second most important cereal in the country after sorghum and is grown by smallholder farmers on over 80,000 hectares, mainly in lowland and middle elevation regions. With no improved cultivars available until very recently, farmers grow exclusively traditional landraces, which have many preferred traits and a modest grain yield potential, but are generally susceptible to downy mildew.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/hagaz-the-halcyon-hybrid

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

Guinea-race sorghum hybrids: New prospects for West Africa

“How would you go about improving the productivity of sorghum in West Africa so as to improve food security and increase farmer’s incomes, and do so by building on several thousand years of farmers’ selection for adaptation and quality of grain?” This question was put to researchers from ICRISAT, the Malian Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER), and the Institut National de l’Environnement et des Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Burkina Faso back in the year 1999.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/guinea-race-sorghum-hybrids-new-prospects-for-west-africa

Date: 31/Dec/2005

 
 

VASAT: Sharing the right information with the right people at the right time!

When it comes to coping with drought, sharing the right information and knowledge at the right time can mean the difference between life and death for more than 800 million people of the dry tropics. Rural communities are better able to cope with drought if they have access to timely information and knowledge. This enables them to see the warning signs and effectively coordinate with local administration and development agencies to handle the situation.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/vsat-sharing-the-right-information-with-the-right-people-at-the-right-time

Date: 31/Dec/2004

 
 

Sorghum, a crop of substance

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is the world’s fifth most important cereal crop by area after rice, wheat, maize and barley. A staple food crop in the semi-arid tropics of Africa, Asia and Latin America, its importance as a fodder and feed crop for livestock has steadily increased over the last two decades.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/sorghum-a-crop-of-substance

Date: 31/Dec/2004

 
 

Making markets work for farmers in Eastern Africa

Poverty is rife in eastern Africa, where over half the rural population is extremely poor. Addressing this state of affairs, ICRISAT has allied itself with an array of partners to reduce poverty through a market-driven strategy. The strategy is based on intensified cultivation of ICRISAT’s legume crops – chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut – and linking farmers to markets where these commodities are sold.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/making-markets-work-for-farmers-in-eastern-africa

Date: 31/Dec/2004

 
 

Managing watersheds in Southeast Asia

ICRISAT’s unqualified success with watershed management in India is well known. Research conducted with an array of partners from various governmental and nongovernmental organizations has had resounding results that have benefited thousands of Indian farmers.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/managing-watersheds-in-southeast-asia

Date: 31/Dec/2004

 
 

Forewarned is forearmed

Insect pests cause major crop losses all over the world. One of the main reasons researchers have not been effective while addressing pest problems is insufficient information about pest population dynamics.

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Link : http://www.icrisat.org/what-we-do/publications/annual-reports/icrisat-annualreport-2004.pdf

Date: 31/Dec/2004

 
 

Protecting crops, eco-friendly way

Money spent on chemical pesticides for protecting some crops from insect-pests and diseases can generally be about 50% of the total input costs of raising the crop. Cotton is one such crop. Cotton-boll-worm (Helicoverpa armigera) is the major insect-pest of cotton. The same insect is also called legume pod-borer and bores into the pods of several other crops, including pigeonpea, and eventually into the lives of poor farmers in the semi-arid tropics. Over the years, this insect has developed resistance to several different chemical pesticides.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/protecting-crops-eco-friendly-way

Date: 31/Dec/2004

 
 

Rebuilding the pyramids

Everybody knows that groundnuts (or peanuts, as they are known in many countries) provide a tasty snack. But few people in the developed world are aware that groundnuts are also an essential part of the diets of millions of poor people. In West Africa, groundnut, which is rich in protein, oil, amino acids and vitamins, is both an important food and a cash crop.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/rebuilding-the-pyramids

Date: 31/Dec/2004

 
 

Birds of a feather

In the late nineties, ICRISAT began looking into the integration of legumes into the rice/wheat systems of South Asia’s Indo-Gangetic Plains. While logistics were being worked out in Delhi, representatives of ICRISAT and Catholic Relief Services (CRS) realized they could benefit from each other’s help, and a successful collaboration was born.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/birds-of-a-feather-71800706

Date: 31/Dec/2003

 
 

Groundnut for West Africa

Groundnut is one of the most important crops in West and Central Africa (WCA). Managed almost exclusively by women, it is a source of high protein and energy for children, as well as highquality feed for livestock.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/groundnut-for-west-africa

Date: 31/Dec/2003

 
 

Old crops, new horizons

Drought has stalked southern Africa for a long time, and the biggest victims are invariably smallholder farmers. Working on nutrient-starved soils, with little access to modern technologies, markets or credit, they lived from season to season. Many aimed simply to feed their families, and in many years they failed. But things are changing, thanks to partnerships engendered by ICRISAT and implemented through the SADC/ICRISAT Sorghum and Millet Improvement Program (SMIP), which completes its activities this year.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/old-crops-new-horizons

Date: 31/Dec/2003

 
 

Yellow gold in Myanmar

Chickpea has exploded in popularity among farmers in Myanmar, with ICRISAT’s warhorse ICCV 2 riding the crest of this wave. The area cultivated to this immensely successful variety has witnessed a spectacular fourfold increase over the past three years. Considering that the average yield of chickpea in Myanmar increased from 660 to 1007 kg/ha during this time span, such accelerated adoption is understandable.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/yellow-gold-in-myanmar

Date: 31/Dec/2003

 
 

A new Sahel - sun, sand and salvation

The Sahel… in Arabic the word means coastline, or edge. The Sahel is the great dryland belt underlying the Sahara Desert, the northern perimeter of subSaharan Africa; in other words, the desert margin – a bleak, unforgiving landscape.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/a-new-sahel-sun-sand-and-salvation

Date: 31/Dec/2003

 
 

Seeds of life

Timor-Leste, the world’s newest country, was formerly a Portuguese colony and subsequently an Indonesian province. When its inhabitants overwhelmingly voted for independence in August 1999, terrible civil strife ensued, resulting in widespread damage to infrastructure and disruption of farming activities.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/seeds-of-life

Date: 31/Dec/2003

 
 

Subsistance farming to the dust bin

A few years ago, subsistence was a word routinely applied to agriculture in the semi-arid tropics. Farmers produced crops for their own consumption and barely made ends meet. But farmers, tired of being poor, are asking new questions. Farming in the SAT is not just about livelihoods. It’s about business.

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Date: 31/Dec/2003

 
 

High tech for an old problem

Drought is possibly the most complex and least understood of natural hazards. The effects of drought accumulate slowly and linger for years. It is estimated that 380 million people, 38% of the world’s rural poor, live in the arid and semi-arid tropics (SAT). Of those who are vulnerable to drought, more than 90% are either smallholder farmers or landless laborers. The Committee on Science and Technology for the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, in its fifth session last year, issued a note on strategies for communicating relevant information on combating the effects of drought.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/high-tech-for-an-old-problem

Date: 31/Dec/2002

 
 

Of stalk and livestock

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and ICRISAT have an important common interest. ILRI studies ruminant livestock, which contribute to human welfare by providing food, draft power and manure. ICRISAT studies crop residues, which are consumed by livestock as fodder. It’s a marriage made in heaven – common ground for collaborative research. A multidisciplinary research team of scientists funded by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Australian Center for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), ILRI and ICRISAT set out to identify genotypes of sorghum, pearl millet and groundnut that could be used to develop plants with greater biomass and nutritive value without sacrificing grain yield.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/of-stalk-and-livestock

Date: 31/Dec/2002

 
 

Chickpea the champion: charging ahead, changing lives

It’s incredible. For uncounted generations, farmers who till some of the world’s most productive soils have left land fallow for months after harvesting a single crop of rice. Between cropping seasons, they just waited for the next rains. Stupid? Lazy? Far from it. Few farmers are smarter and none work harder. But there was simply nothing they could do. The soil, once drained of the water that nourished their rice, became as hard as rock, totally impenetrable.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/chickpea-the-champion-charging-ahead-changing-lives

Date: 31/Dec/2002

 
 

Partnerships unlimited

Life is never easy for Africa’s smallholder farmers, even in normal years. And in times of crisis… But partnerships can conquer even the most formidable challenges. Consider the recent work in three countries, involving research institutes, NGOs, governments and local communities – specifically, ICRISAT, the UK’s Overseas Development Institute (ODI), CARE International, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), the Government of Mozambique and small-scale seed producers and traders.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/partnerships-unlimited

Date: 31/Dec/2002

 
 

And for now something completely different

Nobody eats pearl millet in Brazil. Not even cattle. Fifteen years ago the crop was unknown here. Yet today over 2 million hectares are sown to pearl millet and the area is growing exponentially.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/and-for-now-something-completely-different

Date: 31/Dec/2002

 
 

Poverty and the perch

Over half of Kenya’s rural population lives in extreme poverty. And the number of poor and malnourished people, particularly women and children, is increasing. Poverty alleviation programs are in place, but often ineffective. One reason: we lack information on livelihood options for the poor, and the role and impact of institutions in poor rural areas.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/poverty-and-the-perch

Date: 31/Dec/2002

 
 

From tillage to table

After alleviation of hunger, health is the ultimate goal of most agricultural research. New data in aflatoxin research reveals the extent to which this is true. Aflatoxin, a potent poison that contaminates groundnut and other crops, is very common but difficult to detect. A sample survey by ICRISAT researchers in Andhra Pradesh examined the extent of aflatoxin contamination in groundnuts, chilies and various spices (ginger, black pepper, turmeric and coriander). The results revealed that a frighteningly large number of groundnut byproducts like chikkies (peanut crunch candy) were contaminated.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/from-tillage-to-table

Date: 31/Dec/2002

 
 

Women make the difference

Not many people realize that women produce 80% of sub-0Saharan Africa’s food, and 60% of Asia’s. In many parts of Africa, children are increasingly dependent on women as more and more men migrate to cities or, worse, succumb to AIDS. ICRISAT emphasizes technologies that especially benefit women, both to promote greater social equality and to accelerate agricultural development.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/women-make-the-difference

Date: 31/Dec/2001

 
 

Betting on biotechnology

Without the drought tolerance, nutrient use efficiency, pest and disease resistances, and many other traits that are built into genetic fabric of plants adapted to the dry tropics. It would be difficult to envision a Grey to Green Revolution. Much progress has already been made using conventional breeding to accentuate these traits and add new ones. But may believe that what has been achieved so far will pale in comparison with the advances yet to come through the revolutionary new tools of biotechnology. 

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/betting-on-biotechnology

Date: 31/Dec/2001

 
 

Knowledge empowers farmers against pests and diseases

The Grey-to-Green strategy is all about enabling farmers to capitalize on their own resources to get more from their land than they ever thought possible knowledge is one of their powerful, yet often overlooked resources. In the absence of knowledge, fear and a sense of helplessness take over, particularly when disease epidemics and pest plagues seem to pop out of nowhere to threaten their livelihoods.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/knowledge-empowers-farmers-against-pests-and-diseases

Date: 31/Dec/2001

 
 

Making every moment count

The short 4-6 month growing season is a fleeting window opportunity that can make or break the livelihoods of the poor in the dry tropics. Farmers struggle to extract every possible bit of green from the grey landscape while they have the chance. But a single low-yielding cereal crop is often all they can muster. Through a range of ingenious technologies that enable them to fit more and higher-value crops into their systems, ICRISAT and partners are helping these farmers tern their grey world green.

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Link : http://www.slideshare.net/icrisatsmco/making-every-moment-count

Date: 31/Dec/2001

 
 

Water: The essence that greens the grey

Without water, there is no agriculture - or life. Yet in the dry zones that form ICRISAT's mandate responsibility, drought occurs roughly two out of every five years. The scant rain often falls in short, intense bursts. Sadly, much of (40-70%) is lost as runoff, evaporation, or deep drainage before it can contribute to crop production or village reserves.

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Date: 31/Dec/2001