Project Details

Aflatoxin management interventions, education, and analysis at various steps within the peanut value chain in Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia

Duration: 01/Jul/2014 - 15/Jul/2017

Locations: Eastern and Southern Africa / Malawi / Mozambique / Zambia

Project contact: Dr Samuel M C Njoroge (

Donor: Academic institute eg university or college,PMIL(Peanut and Mycotoxin Innovation Lab) - North Carolina State University (NCSU)

CGIAR Research Program: Grain Legumes

This project will address a wide range of production, postharvest, and processing issues related to peanuts in Malawi, Zambia, and Mozambique that can impact aflatoxin contamination levels, yield, and profitability. The strength of this project is that interventions will be studied throughout the value chain and the cumulative effect of these efforts measured against traditional production and marketing practices. Through linkages with various partners, farmer education will be emphasized and extended linkages with various industries and marketing groups will help accelerate aflatoxin mitigation and market development. Malawi has a strong history of research on peanut through ICRISAT, the Department of Agriculture Research at Chitedze Research Station, and Bunda College of Agriculture, but the ability of farmers to produce high yielding, high quality peanuts with low aflatoxin levels is still quite low. Additional agencies such as NASFAM (National Small Farmer Association of Malawi), the Ministry of Agriculture, Exagris, Afri-Nut, TWIN of the U.K., the Clinton Development Initiative and others are all engaged in further evaluation of production, processing, and marketing strategies as well as farmer education. Improved cultivars are available, but the lack of an effective seed program limits availability. Limited marketing due to high aflatoxin contamination levels exacerbates the problem by reducing farmer incentive to implement current production recommendations and limits commercial processing and marketing. Our project with its multidisciplinary team takes a comprehensive approach to problem solving research and effective technology transfer through key partnerships with in country research counterparts and NGOs. The higher level of peanut research in Malawi will be expanded and emphasis placed on implementation and additional research efforts will be rapidly phased in to Zambia and Mozambique creating a regional project providing research data with even wider scale application. Key components will include taking advantage of improved germplasm already available, in country aflatoxin testing equipment and technicians already in place, key production, processing, marketing, and technology transfer partners. Our project will address the challenges from production to processing including information transfer and aflatoxin awareness creation along the whole value chain. The project will use the unique and innovative approach known as PIIM (Peanut Industry Incubator Model) to fast track the food process and product development cycle ensuring safe (aflatoxin free and microbiologically safe) and nutritious peanut based products. This model has been successfully implemented in other countries through USAID Peanut collaborative projects in the Philippines, Thailand, Uganda and Ghana. The critical step in the PIIM approach is early engagement of small or medium scale private seed and food processors (FP) with the researchers. In addition, this approach will assess the need for development of good manufacturing practices such as HACCP and facilitate the development of value added peanut based products that will increase the livelihood of farmers and industries

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