Scaling-up of improved groundnut varieties through established seed system in various cropping systems of smallholder farmers in Odisha
Duration: 01/May/2015 - 01/Oct/2019
Project contact: Dr P Janila (P.Janila@cgiar.org)
Donor: Government department -national- state or local,Directorate of Agriculture and Food Production- Government of Odisha-India
CGIAR Research Program: Grain Legumes
Groundnut in Odisha: Groundnut is mainly cultivated in seven districts of Odisha Bolangir, Dhenkanal, Angul, Ganjam, Kalahandi, Nuapda and Bargarh) during kharif covering nearly 65,000 hectare while 125,000 ha of groundnut is cultivated in rabi/summer season in the districts like Balasore, Cuttack, Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Ganjam, Malkangiri and Puri . The climate of Odisha is conducive for growing groundnut where it is the sixth largest state in India in terms of production. A large proportion of groundnut in Odisha is cultivated in the post-rainy season under residual moisture conditions where end-of season drought is main constraint, and therefore short-duration varieties with moderate levels of resistance to foliar diseases are needed. At present, production during kharif is 1,462 kg/ha which can be increased up to 2,400 kg to meet the demand of rabi/summer groundnut in the state. However, the availability of quality seeds is the major problem for the farmers. These scenario forces smallholder farmers to save their own seeds year after year or to get it from other farmers as there is neither good seed nor access to it. Approximately 80-90% of all planting material used is largely sourced from farmersâ€™ own-saved seed resulting to poor quality seeds which involves saving seed from own harvest, and using seed for re-sowing, sharing, bartering and selling.