Increasing food security and farmer livelihoods through enhanced legume cultivation in the Central Dry Zone of Myanmar
Duration: 01/Jan/2007 - 31/May/2011
Donor: Government department -national- state or local,Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)-Australia
CGIAR Research Program: Grain Legumes
The aim of the project is to improve the food security, nutritional health and livelihood needs of poor farmers and communities in Myanmar by increasing productivity of pulse and oilseed legumes. Legumes are the second most important group of crops in Myanmar after rice and are currently grown on 3.3 million hectares. Projections are for at least 4.5 million ha by 2010. Legumes are primarily grown by smallholder farmers with minimal inputs of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. Yields are low at about 1 t/ha. Apart from the lack of inputs, availability of pest- and disease-resistant, high-yielding varieties remains a major constraint to legume yield. Limited experimental and anecdotal evidence suggests that productivity and yield may be further diminished because of poor nodulation. Hence the introduction of adapted, high-yielding legume cultivars into cropping systems, coupled with high-quality, locally produced rhizobial inoculants to address the nodulation problem, should improve legume and system productivity and profitability.