Development and promotion of promising varieties/lines with high yield and high oil content with enhanced O/L ratio for enhancing production and quality of groundnut oil in drought-prone environment to boost the income of small and marginal groundnut farmers in India
Duration: 01/Apr/2011 - 31/Mar/2016
Project contact: P Janila; HD Upadhyaya
Donor: Department of Agriculture & Cooperation-Government of India-India
CGIAR Research Program: Grain Legumes
The aim of the project is to develop groundnut cultivars with high oil for increased oil production in rainfed, drought-prone environments as well as enhanced oil quality using both, conventional and molecular tools. Oil quality is determined by variation in oleic (O)/linoleic (L) fatty acid ratio – higher the ratio longer the product stability. Work is being done on developing and deploying groundnuts with high oil and improved oil quality, adapted to varied agro climatic conditions in India. To harness the potential of low hanging fruits it is envisaged to test superior groundnut genotypes with high oil content available at ICRISAT for local adaptation. Fifty-two groundnut genotypes were evaluated at five locations together with 12 controls for four seasons (2011 and 2012 rainy, and 2011-12 and 2012-13 postrainy seasons) at Patancheru, Junagadh (two locations), Coimbatore, and Tirupati. Local package of practices was followed to raise the crop.