Policy & Institutions


Agricultural growth is a powerful driver for poverty reduction. The green revolution led to impressive gains in productivity, making food more affordable in many parts of the world. Yet, many smallholder farmers, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, have been left behind.  Growth has also slowed down due to shrinking resources, harsh environments and climate, inflation of inputs and other emerging challenges. How do we design pro-poor policies and institutions so that the millions of poor smallholder farmers in SAT are part of and even drive social and economic progress?

2.9%  - Ratio aid for agriculture over total assistance in 2006. In 1979, agriculture represented 18% (source: IFAD).

In 1979  – Aid  for agriculture was 18% of total assistance. By 2006, it was just 2.9% (source: IFAD).Yet 2 billion people work and live on small farms in developing countries.

In 2011 – 8 out of 53 African countries fulfilled their Maputo declaration target of investing at least 10% of their budget in agriculture

In the last 25 years – Smallholder representation has improved through cooperatives and associations, through which they are now influencing policy-makers. Yet smallholders are still described as "most vulnerable people" by the UN assembly (source: HLPE June 2013 report investing in smallholder agriculture

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