Eritrea, located in the Horn of Africa, along the Red Sea, is one of the poorest countries in the world. It is slowly recovering from three decades of war for independence against Ethiopia. Long-term enrolment of youth in the army, unequal access to education for women, a difficult business environment and the country's inability to provide enough food for the population even in good rainfall years, hamper the recent economic recovery. There is ample room for quick agricultural development as only a small proportion of arable lands is cultivated.

181 - Eritrea's Human Development Index rank out of 186

60 to 70% - Share of Eritrea's food demand covered by domestic production in good rainfall years

>50% - Average downy mildew prevalence in pearl millet in some regions of Eritrea (ref: VP Rao et al)

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